Good Samaritan Assessment

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The job of EMT’s include quickly assessing a patient's major body systems to identify life-threatening problems, initiating interventions, identifying priority patients, and determining the severity of one’s injuries and the need for immediate transport . EMTs train for these situations on a daily basis. What most do not realize is that these skills can also be used by Good Samaritans, people who have little to no medical training but are still helpful during an emergency. Like EMT’s who gather information from the scene size up, perform assessment, and examine the injured, Samaritans can do these same logical steps to help those in need. Before going to help one in need, a scene size up needs to be completed. A scene size consists of looking at the mechanism of injury (MOI) and deciding if it is safe for one to enter the area to help the injured party. First, look for power lines, fires, caustic substances (look hazardous placards on semis) and if the area appears to be unusually hot or cold. Immediately, try to determine where the person got injured, like on the grass, cement, or gravel; all this information is of great importance for MOI. Check to see if anyone witnessed the injury occur. Witnesses can share information the injured person is unable to express. Any information is better than none, and at times, witnesses may even be related to the injured party. Then, look to see how far the victim may have fallen. If it is a motor vehicle accident,(MVA) assess the rate of speed. Also, assess the damage caused to the car and look to see if there is spider webbing (cracks) in the windshield near the injured person was located. If it happens to be a motorcyclist, always make sure to see if there is a helmet and never try to remove it. If one was wearing a helmet and it happened to be off of the injured, it is important for it to go with the person to the hospital.

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