The increasing interconnectedness of societies has allowed crime to spread across national borders and the spread of transnational organised crime. This has resulted in a supply and demand model where products and services, such as drugs and sex workers, are demanded by richer western countries and they are supplied by third world countries. While globalisation is helping to increase the wealth in developing countries, it is not increasing wealth in the third world countries. As well as this, a global risk consciousness has been created. This refers to a risk that is seen as being global as insecurities and fears, whether they are rational or not, are no longer tied to a certain place.
The result is that events occurring thousands of miles away can now have an almost immediate impact on us. Globalisation has many causes, some of them are; communications technology, mass media and cheap air travel. Held et al suggest the globalisation of crime has led to an increasing interconnectedness of crime across national borders; this has brought about the spread of transnational organised crime, creating new opportunities for crime and new means of committing crime. For example the computerisation of financial markets enables vast amounts of capital to be transferred each day from one side of the world to the other, with sometime devastating effects on national economies. Also, Manuel Castells (1998) argues because of globalisation there is a globalised criminal economy worth £1 trillion.
Organized crime - be it narcotic trafficking,prostitution rings, corporate crimes and so on - has become a massiveinternational business, and it has required larger agencies equipped withbetter criminal theory and technology and international cooperation betweenagencies to deal with it. Moreover, the clear lapse between the professionalismand techniques of many criminal organizations and the law agencies that pursuethem will require these agencies to catch-up to the advances of these criminalsin the next decades. And, of course, this catch-up will depend heavily uponadvances in criminal theory and analysis. 'Crimes of the powerful' are notexclusively concerned with illegal activities of the above
It is all about supply and demand, as long as there will be a demand there will always be a supplier who can run the market. This creates the opportunity for enormous profits. Robert Merton created the strain theory, which puts people on a social latter at the top being of the highest social class and the bottom, the lowest social class. Some people choose to skip steps by committing crime to help their economic class, which is directly connected to social standing. Attempting to control the use of illegal narcotics is an a seemingly never ending battle and is being fought on two fronts, which leads us back to supply and demand.
Communities having been in progress, the economic base determining the superstructure, globalization in the world is the trend as unstoppable as the wind. It indicates that social groups are affected more and more extensively and deeply by events of other social groups in terms of economic, social and political. The economic base determines the superstructure, as well as the effect of economic globalization is seen here and there. The most direct reflection of the movement is that we can buy several of foreign products in our own country. Since World War II, globalization is largely the result of planning by the main counties to break down the trade barriers to seek the economic growth.
From this, we see that the criminological theory examines crime, criminals, and the environment in an effort to explain criminal behavior. I chose an article to study and compare from The Journal of Jurisprudence. The article was Drug Legalization: Rescuing Central America from the Claws of Crime. Basically, this article says that within Central America, the drug trade has taken a turn for the worst in Central America. As a result, the people of their society are struck with a lot of crime.
According to, Federal Bureau of Investigation (2012), “It isn’t easily measured, but we know it’s significant. Organized crime rings manipulate and monopolize financial markets, traditional institutions like labor unions, and legitimate industries like construction and trash hauling. They bring drugs into our cities and raise the level of violence in our communities by buying off corrupt officials and using graft, extortion, intimidation, and murder to maintain their operations. Their underground businesses including prostitution and human trafficking they reek misery nationally and globally. They also con us out of millions each year through various stock frauds and financial scams.
Some people will step on anyone in his or her way to achieve his or her goal. People today seem not to have morals or principles. The dollar controls more people than I realized. Organized crime groups work hard to gain wealth and power
Discuss illegal drug use, prostitution and money laundering Name: Institution: Date: Discuss illegal drug use, prostitution and money laundering Illegal drug use Despite the on-going political notoriety on the illegal drug use issue, there are still many prevailing cases of drug dependence across the globe. This has led to vast arrays of policies and programs which work together in the solving of drug-related problems. However, the level of investment and the dedication in curbing the problem keeps shifting with the political change (Fraser, & Moore, 2011, p. 147). An increase in the illegal drug use leads to increased criminal activities in a region. Research indicates that pathways into crime and drug use are causally related because they both result from factors such as physical and sexual abuse, poverty, lack of education, poor mental health and unemployment.
While public procurement can mean valuable business opportunities, it is also exposed to bribery. Such corruption undermines markets and welfare, and exerts a corrosive effect on society by eroding trust in leaders, institutions and business itself. Left unchecked, a culture of corruption can easily take root and is hard to remove. Public works contracts are big business. From major infrastructure projects such as power stations and roads to building public universities and equipping them with telecommunications, government purchasing for goods and services carries enormous financial power.