Glimpse of Greek Philosophy Essay

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Greek Philosophy Introduction: Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE and continued through the Hellenistic period, at which point Ancient Greece was incorporated in the Roman Empire. It dealt with a wide variety of subjects, including political philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, ontology, logic, biology, rhetoric, and aesthetics. The Ancient Greek philosophers have played a pivotal role in the shaping of the western philosophical tradition. Subsequent philosophic tradition was so influenced by Socrates as presented by Plato that it is conventional to refer to ancient Greek philosophy prior to Socrates as pre-Socratic philosophy. The period following this until the wars of Alexander the Great is referred to as classical Greek philosophy, followed by Hellenistic philosophy. Statement: “Know thyself” –Socrates “I know that I know nothing.”-Socrates “Man is the measure of all things, of course that are, that they are; and of those that are not, that they are not.” -Protagoras Content: The limitations of Greek religion also left many literate and educated people dissatisfied. The religion provided stories about how the world came to be as it is, but scant basis for systematic inquiry into nature or human society. And while the dominant religion promoted political loyalty, it did not provide an elaborate basis for ethical thought. Hence, from at least the 6th century onward, many Greek thinkers attempted to generate philosophical systems separate from a primarily religious base. The attempt to understand humankind, society, and nature by rational observation and deduction became one of the hallmarks of Greek and Hellenistic culture. The approach was not entirely dissimilar from that of Confucianism in China, but it had different specifics and a different and wider-ranging scope. Many thinkers sought to generate ethical systems on the

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