Gke1 World History Task 1 Part a:

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GKE1 World History Task 1 Part A: Mesopotamia: “Land between two rivers” The Tigris and Euphrates River System is the most significant physical geographic factor that contributed to the development of human society in Mesopotamia. Without the existence of this river system the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia would not have formed in this region nor would their innovations or crafts. The Tigris and Euphrates River System delivered the life sustaining resources that were necessary in sustaining human habitation, which eventually developed into some of the first government run societies in human history. Considered the birthplace of civilization, Mesopotamia is a Greek name that means “land between two rivers” (Orlin, 2010, p.145). Mesopotamia is a fertile flat plain that was created by rich deposits of mud and clay that the two rivers carried from highlands and mountains that today make up the eastern side of Turkey, which lay to the north of what was Mesopotamia and is currently Iraq. The access to flowing water and fertile soil created by the rivers was what lead to the settlement of nomadic people from the Arabian Desert, which is currently located in Iran and Turkey (Hollar, 2011, p. 10). According to archaeologists who have been excavating sites in Mesopotamia since the 1840’s, primitive settlements formed between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers as far back as 10,000 B.C. Further evidence shows that early settlers fought over this fertile land, which encouraged larger and more organized groups of settlers to form the first nations in the history of this region. Eventually a well-organized nomadic tribe that existed east of Mesopotamia took control of the fertile lands and founded the nation of Sumer around 3,300 B.C. (Hollar, 2011, p. 10). The Tigris and Euphrates River System allowed the Sumerian people to make advances is agriculture. The
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