Give An Account Of The Issues That Arise When We Consider Patterns Of Offending In Relation To Age Essay

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Give an account of the issues that arise when we consider patterns of offending in relation to age Crime in terms of age is a significant problem especially youth crime which has increased greatly between the 1950s and 1970s, although we must not ignore adult crime. Farrington in 1994 stated that “the majority of teenage offenders have a relatively short criminal career ahead of them, in contrast to the average 30 year-old offender who has a longer career remaining”. Around a third of all men have committed a crime by the age of 35 contrasted with 8 per cent of women. It has been identified that certain offences decline as people get older and certain offences increase. We are not as aware of adult crime in the sense that a lot of it is not made public, such as violence, domestic violence, sex abuse and white collar crime. Muncie states that the 1970s-1980s was when “the highest rate of known offending was among males between the ages of 14 and 17”. Around this age period, people leave school therefore they leave a controlled routine and possibly get themselves involved with crime. During the 1980s-1990s there was a drop of 37 per cent in youth crime. Youth crime, or juvenile crime, concerns those under the age of eighteen, with the peak age of offending for a girl being fifteen according to Croall, Coleman and Moynihan and fourteen according to Worrall and for boys, the age being eighteen. Children in law are classed as incapable when deciphering what is right and wrong. The age of criminal responsibility is ten in England and Wales, although this age varies throughout the rest of the United Kingdom. When interviewing the police, they stated, “…a significant proportion of officers said that they might be prompted to stop a person if they were a teenager, kid or young person. There was a sense that young people would be stopped because they might be

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