The war also doubled Britain’s debt which led to the passing of the Sugar Act, which taxed sugar going into the colonies. The colonists believed they needed representation in order to be taxed and therefore didn’t want to pay any new taxes which led to reduced trade and protests as the colonial economy suffered. As a result the British passed the Quartering Act, sending more troops in, as well as the Currency Act and the Stamp Act, which gave Britain control over the colonial economy and established more taxes. The Committee of Correspondence was established as a result of the Currency Act to coordinate action against Britain. As a result of the Stamp Act the sons and daughters of liberty were formed; they led resistance efforts to end the Stamp Act.
The British throne, trying to pay off it's war debts and for the cost of protecting the colonists from local Native Americans, decided to impose taxes on the American colonists. There was the Revenue Act of 1764 (known to the US as the Sugar Act) that taxed sugar, silks, and wine, the Stamp Tax (imposed later because the Revenue Act did not bring in enough money) which taxed local papers and print services. The
As well as that, there was a very bad harvest in 1621 which caused widespread distress and finally there was wide support for anti-Spanish foreign policy. This meant that money was already short and James had to accept this, but he was a very extravagant king and would struggle to come to terms with not being able to have everything he wanted. Stress would have been a big factor and tension would have been big between the king and Parliament. A main reason that James felt the royal prerogative was under threat in the 1621 Parliament is because of monopolies. Monopolists such as Sir Giles Mompesson and Sir Francis Mithcell were impeached for their corrupt practices in monopolies such as licensing alehouses where many of these alehouses were illegal gambling dens or partly brothels.
During this period the government went through changes and emerging through politics was the Liberals and the Conservatives, 1868-1894 saw the hardening of political parties. William Gladstone (1868-1894) was the liberal leader and Benjamin Disraeli (1868-1880) was the conservative leader. An open hatred and rivalry defined the age and although they had different principles their view and overall aim for poverty was very much similar. Both Disraeli and Gladstone agreed on not giving the poor handouts and benefits otherwise it would create laziness and wouldn't be fair on people who are working hard. Gladstone's view was let the poor help themselves, remove the barriers that stop them and allow them to help themselves.
Furthermore, proposed indirect taxes on luxury goods such as motor cars and petrol would have affected the Lords as they were among the few rich enough to afford such luxuries. The Lords set up a budget protest league and denounced the budget as “confiscation and robbery”, and breaking with convention overwhelmingly vetoed the budget. A less important reason was that the Lords believed the budget amounted to a social revolution. They were worried by the idea of progressive and redistributive taxation which taxes the rich more heavily. They feared once these principles were established they could be extended to ‘soak the rich’ and even out the unfair distribution of wealth in Edwardian Britain.
Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. This whole project of Prohibition was all a big fail. Today as a whole I don’t know why we would even attempt it like some places have. It needs to be a learning experience for our government today not to do what it did back then and spend tons of money on laws that are going to fail and cause more debt. In all the Prohibition Era was a down for America even though it might not say so, but it was a true down grade instead of a booming
The Failure of Prohobition The prohibition movement lost political strength in the 1920s. The stock market crash of 1929 and the resulting Great Depression of the 1930s further changed the political climate. Critics of Prohibition argued that the rise of criminal production and sale of alcohol made the legal ban ineffective. In addition, the general public's patronage of speakeasies bred disrespect for law and government. Critics also argued that “legalizing the manufacture and sale of alcohol would stimulate the economy and provide desperately needed jobs”(Prohibition1).
The most important change as it was always the main cause of suppression was the economic reforms that were implemented to the people, in addition to that, the change came with the implementation of state monopolies on liquor and tobacco in order to keep the items out of the contraband trade and increase government revenue. Along with taxes, the system of market took many changes, in turn reducing the power of the merchant class. Merchants along with artisans, formed guilds and became a major force on politics. The fiscal administration also took changes with improvements to things such as inaccurate record keeping and suspicion of fraud. Politics and reasoning was also greatly affected by the reforms.
Before the reforms were passed by Parliament, Britain was controlled by wealthy landowners and aristocrats. The workers began to realize they were not being well represented in the government. So the British citizens began to call for social and political reforms. The demands for reforms became too strong to ignore, and finally, Parliament agreed to change the electoral laws. While Parliament was agreeing to the Reform Act of 1832, one of its members, Michael Sadler was out investigating the treatment of children in the British Textile factories.
Early in the nineteenth century, the British had gained great influence and rule over China, for it was more modernized and developed, and consequently had more power. Not only that, but they started selling opium in China to balance their purchases of tea for export. (“Opium Wars” 35986). This resulted into an addiction to opium, a detrimental effect on the Chinese citizens caused by the Europeans. China’s response to this was to implement their prohibition against import of this drug by destroying a lot of opium on the ships arriving at the Port of Canton.