Gift of the Nile Essay

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Gift of the Nile In Egyptian civilization, the River Nile was the source of life for the early Egyptians. The Greek historian, Herodotus, in the fifth century B.C.E. called Egypt the “gift of the Nile.” The Nile river is located in Africa, the river is the longest river in the world. The early Egyptians had to rely on this river for irrigation and agriculture. Not only did they use the river for water and food, they also used the river for main transportation and trading goods. Although the Nile River flooded once a year which caused destructions, it provided them with a layer of silt that fertilized their soil that allowed them to farm all year round. The Egyptians welcomed these annual floods and showed their gratitude to the river god Osiris. They were connected with their religion especially through Osiris. The Nile river also supported in their early political unification between upper and lower Egypt. I believe that without the Nile River the early Egyptians would not have existed. The geographical surroundings of the Nile river has a big impact on the development of the Egyptian civilization. First of all the Nile river is 6695 kilometers (4184 miles) long, with this length, the Nile river is the longest river on Earth starting from Uganda to Ethiopia, flowing through a total of nine countries to the Mediterranean Sea. Located in Sahara desert in Northern Africa, the river flows north while the wind blows south making the Nile the main transportation way. Early Egyptians thought Egypt had two different types of land, the 'black land' and the 'red land'. The 'black land' was the fertile land from the river over flowing over on to the banks which left a layer of silt that fertilized their soil. The 'red land' was the infertile land or deserts that provided the early Egyptians protection on two sides from neighboring countries. This land also

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