Gibbs Reflective Writing Essay

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Using Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle (or Gibbs’ Reflective Model) Gibbs’ reflective cycle is a theoretical model often used by students as a framework in coursework assignments that require reflective writing. The model was created by Professor Graham Gibbs and appeared in Learning by Doing (1988). It looks like this: Action plan If it arose again what would you do? Descripiton What happened? Conclusion What else could you have done? Feelings What were you thinking and feeling? Analysis What sense can you make of the situation? Evaluation What was good and bad about the experience? Gibbs’ reflective cycle has 6 stages. They are usually given the following headings: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Description Feelings Evaluation Analysis Conclusion Action Plan Gibbs’ model was developed from an earlier theoretical model; David Kolb’s 4 stage experiential learning cycle (1984). Whereas Kolb’s model is sometimes referred to as an experiential learning model (which simply means learning through experience), Gibbs’ model is sometimes referred to as an iterative model (which simply means learning through repetition). 1 Peter Lia: Learning Support Tutor: Disability Advisory Service: KCL The version of Gibbs’ model given to students may be slightly adapted, such as the one that appears in Bulman and Schultz (2013) Reflective Practice in Nursing p232. It looks like this: Description what happened? Final evaluation What were your and action plan feelings and how what would you did you react? do differently? Conclusion Initial evaluaion what have you of the experience learnt from what was good reflecting on this experience? and bad about it? Critical analysis what sense did you make of the experience? Using analysis in Gibbs’ model In theory, the reflective process follows the 6 steps of the model so that each step informs the next. In practice,

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