06/11/12 4047AR | |   History and Theory 1 | The interiors of the Minoan palaces were highly decorated and colourful affairs. Briefly describe the decorative schemes employed in the major Minoan settlements | This is essay is about the decorative schemes employed in the major Minoan settlements. The Minoans were mainly business people engaged in overseas trade. Their culture, from 1700 BC onward, shows a high degree of organisation. Many historians and archaeologists believe that the Minoans were involved in the Bronze Age's important tin trade, tin alloyed copper apparently from Cyprus, was used to make bronze, Minoan trade in saffron too.
Pantheon compared to Jefferson Memorial I chose the Roman Pantheon from the ancient roman period. It is a Roman temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome. This was built and dedicated between A.D 118 and 125. The Architecture of the Pantheon is incredible. The structure of the Pantheon is comprised of a series of intersecting arches.
The artwork that I have chosen to write about is the scraper which a piece that was created in the civilization of Classical Greece. It happens to be also known as the apoxyomenos which is known as the most popular work that comes from Lysippos. It was based on a wrestler and is a Roman copy after the original bronze of ca. 330 B.C.F. Lysippos was big for his way of sculpting the scraper and how it has a great effect on future artist.
This enables archaeologists to get an accurate glimpse of Roman life during the first century. Archaeologists continue to be fascinated by Pompeii and have been able to develop many insights of Roman civilization at the time. The Stabian baths and the Forum baths made up the two main public baths in Pompeii (“Pompeii's Baths”). Another public bath known as the Central Baths was under construction at the time of the eruption (“Central Baths”). The most significant of all the baths are the Forum baths, as they are the most intact (“Forum Baths”).
Its influence is also found in many other places. The greatest influence of the Pantheon, however, occurred during the later European revivals of antiquity: at the Romanesque Baptistery in Florence; in Michelangelo’s project for St. Peter’s in Rome; in countless creations by Palladio and his followers; and numerous Baroque and Neoclassical buildings, down to Thomas Jefferson’s University of Virginia campus, and beyond. (Robertson 142). Erected by Emperor Hadrian between 118 and 128 A.D., it was built on the site of an earlier Pantheon, which was erected by Agrippa (Smith 139). According to Leland Roth, “Since the Romans imagined the earth as a disk covered by a heavenly dome, the new building undertaken by Hadrian was to symbolize that universe of earth and the gods.
Temples were elaborately decorated with hieroglyphics and religious symbols. Pharaohs used art to record their victories in battles, public announcements, and religious scenes. Members of ancient Egypt had sculptures of religious relics to help gain access to the afterlife. Fertility statues were used to promote spiritual life. Egyptian architecture includes some of the most famous structures in the world.
Out of all the Pan-Hellenic shrines is all of Classical Greece, perhaps the most prominent and well-known shrine is Delphi. This religious site attracted Greeks, Romans, Europeans, as well as others to the Gulf of Corinth for one reason, the oracle. They came from all over the world to have their questions heard by the gods as well as receive an answer from them. Matters as personal as, whether or not the child being carried is the questioner’s. To large political issues, such as whether to invade a country or not.
Imagine Ancient Greece, a nation where strict laws regulate daily life, particularly of women, and citizens are expected to worship the Greek gods in everything they do. Now picture Ancient Rome, the centre of the greatest empire in the ancient world. Entertainment is provided, as is a job, and reasonable wealth. In their book, ‘Nelson History 1’, Eshuys et. al.
In this plan the tomb, situated in St. Peter’s Basilica, is huge and free standing. It consists of three layers: the bottom, covering 70 square feet metres, is decorated with figures of captives. These captives could signify the enemies of the pope, as this was commissioned during the Italian wars, and the Pope had many enemies. Or it in fact could be inspired by platonic philosophy. Michelangelo was familiar with Platonic philosophy as he spent much time in the villa of the Medici family at the time when Marsillo Ficino was translating Plato’s Republic for the Medici’s.
Possibly my most favored art style period on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, would be the Greek and Roman Galleries located on the first floor. There is a beautiful, tranquil state of mind artistically portrayed throughout each work of art during this time period that has never failed to amaze me. Illustrious depictions of mythical gods and goddesses, as well as the story-telling nature of the style in which these art works are created, are what I find very intriguing. One such example that can further elaborate my point, is the Bronze statue of Eros sleeping, located in the new section of the Greek and Roman Galleries. This realistically sculpted statue shows a young sleeping child sprawled out on top of a rock.