Germany 1919-1939 Essay

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Germany 1919-1939 – A Depth Study Section 1 – The Weimar Republic Kaiser Wilhelm I During the First World War of 1914-1918, Germany was run by the Kaiser (King). The Kaiser was in charge of the Government and the army. • The Government decisions were made by the Chancellor – but the Kaiser chose who the Chancellor was, so he could always pick Chancellors that would do what he wanted. • The people could vote, but Mp’s didnt really have any power. • The Kaiser was obsessed with the miltary – he spent millions on building up a strong army for the war, and borrowed millions trying to win it. • The German people liked this form of Government. They loved their military tradition, and felt that being kjhdskjhv told what to do was a sign that the Government was strong • The Kaiser ran away into exile 2 days before the war ended. • Political effects With the Kaiser running away, all that was left of a Government were the Reichstag parties that had previously had no real power or experience of running the Government. The Kaiser had even put many of the best opposition leaders in prison during the war, meaning there were even fewer able men to take power Links – The Kaiser links to the German people being obsessed with their military past. One of the reasons no one supported the Weimar Republic was because they were used to being told what to do. Physical and financial effects Farming had been disrupted during the war, so by 1918 Germany was producing only half the milk and 60% of the meat it needed. The British Navy was blockading German ports, meaning they could not get food from other countries. Around 750,000 Germans died from hunger and disease Also, Germany had borrowed money to pay for the war, and was now effectively bankrupt “The Stab in the Back” Psychological effects Germany had been a proud, ambitious country and had worked extremely hard and made

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