On July 29,1914, Russia announced that to keep its ally, Serbia, they would order a full mobilization of its militants. From August first to August third Germany declared war on Russia due to a treaty with Austria-Hungary; and Germany declared war on France, which was Russia’s ally. From there on, more countries joined to keep alliances. By the end of the war, more than 30 nations had joined World War 1. A key player was Germany.
The four nationalism trigger World War One respectively are French’s revenge movement, Pan-Germanism, Pan-Slavism and Great Serbian movement. French desired to take revenge on Germany after the Franco-Prussian War and take back the territories; Germany and Austria-Hungary promoted “Pan-Germanism”, which suggested that German-speaking people should expand into Europe under their leadership; Russia aimed at placing all Slavs in Eastern and Southern Europe under its control; Serbia wanted to expand her new territories in Balkan. This four nationalism finally led to the outbreak of the World War One. For French’s revenge movement, while the Franco-Prussian War end, German victory and build up their state in the Versailles palace, French need to pay a large amount of reparations for being the lose one, also French coped cede Alsace-Lorraine to German, it is a land that amount a lot of resources, French attach importance to this land and sense of humiliation full in French feeling. At this time, the French have chance
Also Austria-Hungary’s king and family visited Sarajevo- Bosnia was assassinated by conspirator Gavrilo Princip Austria striked back in revenge. But the most important came from countries distrust for one another because it led the Great powers of Europe-Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Britain, France, and Russia signed treaties pledging to defend one another. These alliances were intended to promote peace by promoting powerful combinations that no one would dare to attack. But 2 huge alliances emerged in the end. France longed to avenge its defeat in Franco-Prussian War, Bismarck signed treaties with other powered thinking they wouldn’t attack Germany alone.
From 1906 onwards, the two countries were in an arms race over building new battleships called dreadnaughts. The dreadnaughts were the most advanced weapon of their time and Britain decided to build two ships for every one that Germany made. Russia also started building its military to promote and protect its national interest in Europe because of the conflicts in the Balkans. Austria-Hungary wanted to maintain and expand its empire in in the Balkans but it had an enemy in Russia who wanted to do the same so it began to build an alliance with Germany and expand its army. The second cause of tension war Alliances.
There were multiple events that led to World War I in 1914. On July 28, 1914 an event that provoked the outbreak of World War I occurred; Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austrian throne) and his wife were shot to death in the city of Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, member of the Serbian Nationalist group known as “The Black Hand”. Austria-Hungary blamed the Serbian Government for the attack, however, Russia supported Serbia. Austria-Hungary sent an ultimatum to Serbia. Austria wanted to send Austrian investigators to investigate Archduke Franz Ferdinand's assassination in Sarajevo and they wanted to abolish all major Serbian organizations, which Serbia refused, and Austria declared war on Serbia.
World at the Turn of the 20th Century * Develop an understanding of the following background issues of WWI. * Imperialism The practice of increasing a nations power through taking control of another nation and/or its resources. Key imperial powers: * Britain – Control over: India, South Africa, Canada, Australia * France – Control over: Indochina, Parts of Africa * German * Ottoman Reasons for Growth of Imperialism * Late 19h & early 20th century imperialism WAS DRIVEN BY COMPETITION OF RESOURCES, POWER, STATUS, WEALTH AND PRESTIGE * Italy and Germany (along with other countries) wanted same status as Britain * ASSOCIATED WITH: dehumanising people. * AFRICA MAIN SOURCE OF RESROURCES BECAUSE:
In the “Year of Revolution” many of the countries that made up the European empire rose up against the Habsburgs, Germany, and Italy were left as divided states, but strong nationalist movements and revolutions led unification of Italy in 1861, and Germany in 1871. Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary, because it was one of the areas that were comprised of many conflicting national groups. Another factor which contributed to the increase in rivalry in Europe was Imperialism. Germany, Great Britain, and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. Severe chaos following the war involved the clash of Germany against Britain and France.
Assess critically three causes of WWI The First World War began in Europe in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. This trigger action caused the involvement of Germany, Russia, Serbia and Austria-Hungary. However, the war itself was caused by nationalism, alliances and Germany’s fear of encirclement. Nationalism was the central cause of WWI because, due to the nationalism of the Slavs, the Balkan states became a powder keg. Austria-Hungary made the Serbs fear annexation while the Slavs inside the country wanted a Great Serbia.
According to Ferro in his book 'The Great War' he suggests that England felt threatened by Germany due to the unprecedented economic strides the country made between 1880 and 1914, although Germany did not have a financial base on the same scale as Britain's economic power. In addition Germany's rising industrial base had overtaken Britain's, although Germany did have trading routes and links around the world as Britain had. Ferro goes on and talks about the rising force of the German naval force with the building of their version of the super-ship the Dreadnoughts. Furthermore Anglo-German rivalry became a public matter, orchestrated and fomented by press and cinema (Ferro, 1969). Critics agree that an arms race especially between Britain and Germany was created with the cost affecting both countries, the buildings of their naval fleet between the two countries is an example of
When deciding who was responsible for starting World War One, the instigator of the first major conflict must be established. With growing ethnic nationalism, Serbia ached for independence. Serbia felt mistreated by Austria-Hungary government and a terrorist group called “The Black Hand” decided that they were going to do something to show their displeasure. On June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princep, a member of the Black Hand, assassinated the archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. This assassination was the first in a chain of events that ultimately led to war for all countries.