German Expressionism Essay

3085 WordsFeb 4, 201313 Pages
Slide 1 – Title: The view of new. Stop frame from “Make it new” towards “See it new” Slide 2: “With the onset of the so-called “Expressionist decade” of 1910–1920 German culture experienced momentous new impulses in the fields of theater, cinema, literature, and art. Like other modernist artists, the Expressionists felt the need to create new forms of representation through which they could respond to the massive changes associated with the arrival of the twentieth century and the new civilization of modernity. F We also must take into account the fact that Freud’s theories and works - The Interpretation of Dreams, Studies on Hysteria had a great impact and influenced at different levels the artistic forms of creating art. Also, new scientific lines of thought, in particular Einstein’s theory of relativity, exposed Europe to a less certain vision and the social unrest and international disputes created a growing lack of consensus. German Expressionism as an art form was an answer to the grim reality of daily life. Germany's Expressionists declared that facts and objects alone are meaningless. The artist had to get to their essence. In painting or sculpture, it meant a straight line was not necessarily a straight line. Buildings and the human figure conformed to the perception of artists, not the other way around. In theater productions it meant isolating an object or figure in light and having everything else fall back into deep darkness. In Blackwell Companion to Modernist Literature and Culture, at Chapter 20 – Expressionism, Richard Murphy emphasized the idea that: ” not only do the Expressionists shun the conventionally beautiful in favor of the ugly, the deformed, the squalid, the diseased, and the insane, but they are also attracted to extreme situations, such as madness, the modern metropolis, the apocalypse, or the Great War. Aspects of

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