II. PARAPHRASE Translate the poem into your own words (literal/denotation). Resist the urge to jump to interpretation. A failure to understand what happens literally inevitably leads to an interpretive misunderstanding. Look for the following: Syntactical units complete sentences rather than line by line.
Longinus On the Sublime In this essay the meaning of sublime, in the essay On the Sublimey , will be explained. In order to explain the meaning of sublime in this essay, Longinus orders his idea as follow; First, in chapter I, Longinus defines the ‘sublime’in literature as a “certain distinction and excellence in language”. Heargues that “it is from no other source than this that the greatest poets and writers have derived their eminence and gained an immortality of renown”. He argues that the "elevated language" of the sublime aims to cast a spell over the audience, not merely persuading but transporting the audience in an enthralling and delightful manner to the conclusion desired by the writer. So what we have seems to boil down to this: good writing partakes of the sublime, and the sublime is comprised of elevated language which takes the audience out of itself and into someplace the writer has in mind.
Conceptions of God and Human Nature The quote “God made man in his own image, and man returned the compliment” explains God's image to man as up for open interpretation and varying from believer to believer, which applies to the Puritans and Benjamin Franklin. The Puritans that arrived in New England were frustrated with the Church of England's methods of practice because they were too closely related to Catholicism. The Puritans departed to the New World between the 16th and 17th century, in hope of purifying their religion and creating a society that properly and strictly obeyed God. The Puritan ways heavily influenced life in New England, even for the Franklin family. Benjamin Franklin was raised in a Calvinist family with Puritan foundations, but Franklin later grew to become a worldly individual through his studies and life experiences.
With reference to holy books, example; the Bible, Quran, and others,there are rules to live by written in words. These rules would be utterly useless without persons in the belief to follow in actions or, more so, to carry out the religious act. Les Murray in his poem, “ Poetry and Religion”, is trying to make readers aware of the relationship between poetry and religion. He uses different scenarios to make it clear to readers, which the literary device, personification is used a number of times. A great similarity in poetry and religion is the repetition of love, ‘ Full religion is the large poem
I believe that Ovid’s intention was to parody the genre of the epic poem by repurposing the teachings of Christianity, while at the same time providing an alternative understanding of how human life, society and socially acceptable norms may have come to fruition. Similar to the layout of a traditional epic poem, such as Virgil’s Aeneid, Ovid’s poem appears to follow the same structure at first glance. Ovid found himself in a situation where the greatest work ever had recently been created. In order to create something equally as great, he would have to find a way to make it unique and relevant to the culture of that time period. Instead of following the criteria of an epic poem, which was typically based on one central storyline, Ovid’s poem involves many stories.
The critic Bruce Lawder notes that Coleridge strenuously opposed what Wordsworth in “Expostulation and Reply” called a “wise passiveness.” Instead, Coleridge insisted on the important role the Imagination plays in perception. In “Dejection, An Ode,” for example, Coleridge famously wrote, “I may not hope from outward forms to win the passion and the life whose fountains are within.” Choose two poems from Lyrical Ballads and discuss the role of the Imagination presented therein. To what extent is the Imagination an active or passive force (or something in between)? William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge were both ardent believers in the power of the imagination and venerable exponents of conveying this passion for imagination in their works of poetry. In the collection of poems titled ‘Lyrical Ballads’ by the two poets, a fascinating exposition of multi-faceted forms of imagination can be discerned.
Is Othello a Noble Hero? Whether we see Othello as a ‘noble hero’ really depends on how we define the word. In Shakespeares day the qualities required to be looked upon as ‘noble’ are very different to the ones required now. A.C Bradley believed strongly that Shakespeare intended Othello to come across to the audience as a really noble, grand figure, and I agree. However, I do believe that Leavis makes some very good points against Bradley’s, and my own, opinion of Othello.
Special claims for Poetry as made by Sir Philip Sidney in his 'Defence of Poetry' Sidney made some special claims for poetry. These claims were based on poetry's divine origin, its prophetic nature, its cultural and social value, its universal appeal, its elevating power and its alluring and attractive methods of making an appeal. Sidney mocked at the critics of poetry and they were according to him, like jesters and fools. They failed to understand that Poetry had been an instrument for making the barbarous nations civilized. They did not realize the truth that the poets had been the light bringers to the ignorant and that all sciences and philosophies and histories developed with the help of poets.
The surface meaning of this poem seems to illustrate a man who stands in awe of God’s power, but is disgusted with how people treat the power of God. Mankind “trod” on God’s creation and takes advantage of what He has done for them. “The world is charged with the grandeur of God. It will flame out, like shining the shook foil. It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil.” (Lines 1-3) In these verses the author is expressing God’s power and greatness and compares it to “the ooze of oil” which demonstrates something precious, miraculous, and worth waiting for.
In this poem, the poet has celebrated the glorious works of God. Apart from this poem, there are in the Junius Manuscript, four poems, which are generally attributed to Cademon or Caedmonian school. According to Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English people, Caedmon did not learn the art of poetry from men, but from God. His primary aim was not to write good poetry but to propagate the stories of the Bible. The four poems, generally attributed to him are ‘Genesis A’,’ Exodus’, ‘Daniel’ and ‘Christ and Satan’.