Geography- Chinese One Child Policy

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Chinese one-child policy The Chinese one-child policy is a system designed to restrict married, urban couples to having only one child. It was put in place to prevent the population’s rapid increase, as the population was becoming too high for the country to manage. Hundreds of millions of extra children were born in a baby boom that sent the birth rate soaring to 5.8 children per couple. The country could not cope with this baby boom, and therefore had to take action, and put in place the one child policy... but was the policy really successful? If a family ignores the policy, and has more than one child, they will have to pay a large fine; can lose their job, and any bonuses at work. The policy has a few exceptions, for example people with no siblings are allowed more than one child, along with rural families, ethnic minorities, and foreigners living in china. In rural areas, families can apply for a second child if their first child is a girl, disabled or has a mental illness. The policy caused a drop in fertility rate, from 3 children per woman in 1980, to 1.54 children per woman in 2011. Chinese authorities consider the policy, a great success, as it was estimated that China had three to four hundred million less people in 2008 than it would have done, had the policy not been introduced. The policy has had many non-population related benefits as well, such as better healthcare for women, less deaths/injury associated with pregnancy, free contraception and pre natal classes, increased savings rate, economic growth and reduced exploitation rates. To encourage people to stick to the policy the Chinese government give parents who follow the policy a ‘certificate of honour for single child parents’. They receive rewards for sticking to the policy, such as longer maternity leave, better health care, state housing, school enrollment and interest-free loans. If

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