Genetic Modifications of Humans

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Colleen C. Lopez Professor Debra Thomas English 102 February 19, 2013 Genetic Modification of Humans Major advancements in the Science of Human Genetics have allowed scientists and researchers the ability to identify the genetic differences amongst humans that predispose some to genetic diseases. Scientists have been able to locate all of the estimated 30,000 genes in human DNA. They also have identified sequences in that DNA that make each human life unique. These differences are what predispose some individuals towards certain genetic diseases. Geneticists now have the ability to manipulate or restructure genetic material. This manipulation is commonly referred to as genetic engineering. This is a highly controversial topic due to its ability to potentially take control of the genome and design human life. Public opinion polls indicate that more than eighty percent of those surveyed oppose genetic engineering. Of the opponents, a common focal point of concern is the lack of regulation and clear guidelines in the United States on genetic modification. Most other countries in the world have developed policies and regulations that allow for genetic manipulation when used to help, prevent, or cure disease. Most of the other countries prohibit genetic engineering for the sole purpose of attempting to create a child with enhanced physical qualities. Many fear that, as advancements continue, the concept of creating a new class of children will be heavily marketed to potential parents. This also raises a concern that not every parent will have equal access to such advanced technologies due to costs. This scenario has potential to widen social division among existing socioeconomic classes where only the affluent are able to purchase a more competitive model with more potential abilities. This would also create perceived inequalities and potential
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