The etiology of abnormal behavior is a combination of several, distinctive factors that, when in conjunction, contribute to the activation of psychological disorders. These factors consist of biology, environment and cognition, but the magnitude of each of these triggers differs between every patient displaying abnormal behavior. It is assumed that all of these factors must be present for an individual to develop a psychological disorder. Biology and genetics enable abnormal behavior to appear or activate more likely, but they are not the most significant factors that lead to psychological disorders. While biology simply makes individuals more susceptible to a psychological disorder, environmental triggers are crucial for the actual development.
Five factor trait theory, and 3. Temperament model of personality can be adapted to account for variations in the personal, societal, and cultural factors discussed in this paper. How does the gene-environment interaction influence personality? A person’s genetic make-up in combination with a person’s environment form an individuals personality by interacting with each other. Abnormal or radical behavior could therefore “be explained by hereditary factors in combination with poor environmental conditions” (Oreland, Leppert, Hallman, Lindström, Nilsson, K., Sjöberg, R., …Öhrvik, J., 2006).
Lastly, the various personality models may be changed to justify for the differences in the personal, societal, and cultural will be discussed. Influence of Cultural A person’s culture can be defined as everything that makes up an individual’s life. Culture influences in the development of a child continues into adulthood. Culture effects personality in a variety of ways. Behaviors tend to be culturally patterned with childhood experiences influencing personality as an adult and socialization throughout childhood and adulthood shape personality patterns.
The causes for children being lest alone or orphaned may be cause by society and not necessarily by accident. Some example of these cause may include parental alcoholism, abuse by the parents, death of parents during armed conflict and poverty. Juvenile delinquency Juvenile delinquency refers to antisocial or illegal behavior by persons under the age of 18, mostly adolescents. Most legal codes suggest certain procedure for dealing with minors, such as juvenile detention centers. Most, if not all, of the many theories on the causes of crime may be applied to the causes of juvenile delinquency.
Nature refers to the biological factors that influence ones behavior. This would be the genes that people are born with or how one gender is predisposition to certain behaviors. A common question is one that asks if boys or girls are more or less aggressive than the other. Something to take into consideration is that boys and girls experience aggression differently. Boys are more likely to engage in physical aggression but boys and girls are equally likely to engage in verbal aggression.
There have been several sociological and criminological theories that stress that most violent criminals are impulsive and have a lack of empathy for others. Within Psychological there are several sub theories such as Behavioral Theories, Personality Theories, and Cognitive Theories just to name a few. In Volume 5, Chapter 2 of Review of the Roots of Youth Violence, it states that Sigmund Freud “thought that human behavior, including violent behavior, was the product of “unconscious” forces operating within a person’s mind. Freud also felt that early childhood experiences had a profound impact on adolescent and adult behavior” A lot of Freud’s research is what a lot of the ideas and theories we know today are based off of. Behavioral Theories Behaviorist John Watson once said "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might
Biological psychology is based on the psychological and neurological factors of what the brain is containing. Figuring out a certain brain reason for its behaviors either it me normal or mentally challenged, also known as a chemical imbalance in the brain for a person not to function correctly like a normal brain would. The studies that play in to this is behavioral, genetics and much more. 2. What is the historical development of biological psychology?
It is important to know how they will be influenced for many reasons. Nature determines many aspects of our being such as our personality and intelligence. We inherit these aspects in our genes, and “heredity establishes the limits of one's personality traits that can be developed.” (Lupu,2006) “One's personality includes a set of mental characteristics which reflect the way in which a person thinks acts and feels.” (Lupu,2006) Nature influences our personalities such that we are programmed to have some of the same personality quirks, intolerance, likes and dislikes as our parents do. We are capable of expanding beyond our parents personalities, but their genes set the boundaries for what we can and will develop as we grow up. Nature also influences our intelligence in much of the same way we inherit our possible maximum capabilities in intelligences from our parents, but these are just parameters as each generation grows so does the boundaries and capabilities in each aspect.
Indeed it is proven that smacking is a violation of the child's right to be safe and it could cause long-term intelligence or psychological harm. These things could affect their children and it would be a good idea to make smacking illegal. Smacking is generally not an effective means of discipline. The most recent international research usually shows that physical punishment does not achieve what the disciplining parent wants. In 2011 some researchers in United Kingdom has proved that, physical punishment predicted increases in child behaviors problem from age 5 to 8 equally across white, Asians, black, totally every kids are affected.
In addition to the subordinated spouse, the children of violent homes must also be considered as victims whether or not they have been physically abused or not. While the many methods by which abuse is inflicted vary, the effects it has on the mental and emotional health of its victims remain alarming. Of all these effects, one of the most vital and long term ones is the effect on a child's formation of gender and identity. Statement of the Problem Childhood is typically the time where core values and identity is formed. Most theories on human growth and development advance the idea that individual identity is a result of combined internal and external factors in an individual's environment.