Gender Roles and Relationships Have Become More Equal in Modern Family Life Essay

5843 WordsNov 16, 201324 Pages
Unit One Family Exam Q’s ITEM 1A Many sociologists argue that laws and government policies have always had an effect on family life, sometimes restricting people’s actions and sometimes giving the family much needed support. Policies often reflect a particular view of how the family should be and therefore encourage certain types of family or household. For example, the New Right argues that the welfare benefits currently given to single mothers should be cut back because they encourage dependency on the state. ITEM 1B Functionalist sociologists see the family as a vital social institution. They believe it carries out a number of essential functions, both for individuals and for society as a whole. In particular, the family is viewed as the most important agent for maintaining stability, producing the next generation, and carrying out primary socialisation. However, other sociologists suggest that the functionalist view paints a picture that is too rosy. For example, Marxist and Feminist sociologists argue that it ignores the more negative aspects of the family life; other sociologists argue that the functionalist view does not take enough account of family variation and change. 1. Explain what is meant by ‘primary socialisation’ (2) 2. Identify two laws or government policies that may affect roles and relationships between couples, apart from that referred to in item 1A. (4) 3. Suggest three reasons for changes in the position of children in the last hundred years. (6) 4. Examine the factors that have affected the domestic division of labour and power between couples. (24) 5. Using material from item B and elsewhere, assess the contribution of functionalist theories to an understanding of the family. (24) Extra Questions 1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘expressive’ roles. (2) 2. Explain the difference between a family and a
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