Gender Representation in the Gothic Situation of Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights
Mohammad Reza Khedri
M.A. Student of English Language and Literature, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch.
One of the most important goals of female writers is to show themselves as equal to men in the patriarchal societies. Some of those writers took the Genre of Gothic which shows men as active, smart, powerful and passionate in contrary to passive, weak and emotionless women. Emily Brontë by her poetic genius style achieved this success in her Gothic novel, Wuthering Heights. This study presents how the novelist shows her characters and how her main female character is considered as the opposite of traditional way of Gothic in presenting women, it also show how wealth and procuring money can change an innocent young lad to a brutal tyrant. To clarify Gender and its characteristics, theories and views of a major feminist critic, Judith Butler, is used in this study. As a conclusion the study shows that, it is the society with its patriarchal standards which defines the social roles based on sex differences for men and women; as Gothic shows how men are powerful and in possession of every aspects of women’s lives, and how they rules women, but Gender studies proves these traditional conventions are wrong and that sex and physics have nothing to do with the social roles.
Keywords: Gender, representation, Female, Gothic, Emily Brontë, Wuthering Heights.
In her only novel, young and talented Emily Brontë tried to make a stand toward the patriarchal literary conventions of nineteenth century by a new kind of character representation in the outstanding Wuthering Heights which posthumously is considered a masterpiece of nineteenth century English Literature. Emily with her contemporaries, Mary Shelly, Mary Wollstonecraft and Charlotte Brontë, they rose the Gothic fiction of nineteenth century at its summit. According to...