They structured their bid and they won two parts of the East Side Access Project which totaled more than $1.2 billion dollars. Dragados USA had 70% stake in the project and Judlau held 30% stake. The joint venture went smooth for a while until Dragados USA discovered through internal integrity processes and procedures the DBE’s were not awarded the amount they were reporting to the MTA. The DBE program is set up to ensure that minority and women base businesses get a fair shot at government contracts. The joint venture claimed that they had paid more than $17 million of the $22 million for DBE contracts.
Research performed by the American Progress Organization shows that nearly 6 out of 10 women are the primary, sole, or co-provider for their family. As more dependence is being placed on women, the wages are expected to match with those demands. A route to a faster improvement would be to raise the minimum wage. The demand for more money is very high and women make up two-thirds of the minimum wage workers. A raise in the minimum wage gap would inadvertently help everyone, while still deliberately aiding in the step for equality in the workplace.
Mark Russell Victoria female barristers have called on the state government to lead by example and stamp out pay disparity with male barristers. They say the government must do more to boost their remuneration and retention rates, and encourage private firms to do the same. A woman briefed by a government department for a matter in the lower courts receives on average just 59 per cent of the fee paid to a male barrister, while a woman briefed in a litigation matter in Victoria's higher courts is likely to receive 75 per cent of a male barrister's fee. Private firms are briefing women in only 12 per cent of cases. Women are mostly given work in the stereotypical areas of family law, crime and Children's Court work, and many feel pigeonholed, according to Victorian Women Lawyers convener Astrid Haban-Beer.
From the beginning, wifehood and motherhood have been regarded as a women’s profession. They were not seen as breadwinners or professionals. As history has told us, women were considered the weaker sex, doing jobs such as laundry, milking cows, and taking care of children, leaving the “heavier” labor to the big strong men (wic.org). With technological advancement today, physiological test suggest women have a greater pain tolerance and statistics show that women live longer and are more resistant to many diseases. In the 20th century, women in most nations won the right to vote, this in return increased their educational and job opportunities.
Chisholm stated, “Prejudice as a black person is becoming unacceptable...” (1) While she then states “Prejudice against women is acceptable” (1). Although race prejudice is unacceptable even though eliminating it would take years, prejudice against women is being accepted and allowed in where she believes both should not be allowed. She then comes to the House of Representatives with a more logical appeal stating, “As a black person, I am no stranger to race prejudice. But the truth is that in the political world I have been far oftener to discrimination against because I am a woman than because I am black.” (1). Chisholm wanted to prove from personal experience how society is more prejudice over gender than race itself.
These types of societies have become the norm around the world in almost all societies, where patriarchies are most acceptable and a hierarchy is existent, placing women on the lower rung, and women of colour at a greater disadvantage, with even less privileges, at the rung ten steps below the lowest rung. Aboriginal women in Canada, unfortunately, are the most subjugated by the Intersection Theory, in which the more you diverge from the Euro-centric and Male dominated viewpoints of society, the fewer privileges you will receive. As discussed in the chapter, I tend to gravitate more to the viewpoints of the Socialist Feminist, in that there is a need for equality in the home and in the institutions. There should be an even playing ground for everyone to prove themselves as a person rather than their gender role. Granted, the biological differences in the sexes will prevent certain things from being achieved on an equal level.
They point out that: empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development and reducing poverty. Equal pay for equal work is one of the areas where gender equality is rarely seen; all too often women are paid less than men for doing the same work. This is one of the reasons that the majority of the world’s poor are women: around 70 per cent of the people who live in extreme poverty, on less than one dollar a day, are girls and women. Suffrage, the right to vote, is another area of gender equality that still does not extend to all the women in the world. Saudi Arabia does not give women the right to vote; in the USA right wing commentators say that women should never have been given the right to vote.
Her aim was to gain allegiance from middle class white women but in this process she lost esteem from the women within her own race. She played into assertive ideals and clichés in order to be recognized. The author focused too much on gaining acceptance from white people instead of having self-assurance and understanding of possibly never being fully welcomed by her aggressors. It is one thing to desire equality, but when the basis of gaining equality requires degrading your own race, it is no longer equality of race nor mankind, but only gaining appreciation based on performance. McDougald thinks that the low class black women intrude as a hindrance for the entire black race and the few who have proven their dominant are still associated with ignorance and the signification of being a black woman.
I think the Equal pay act is a good idea for closing in the pay gap it is successful in many cases. However, overall gender inequality still exists and the pay gap is still quite high, therefore I don’t think the equal pay act has done a great job in eliminating gender inequality. Another way in which the Government has tried to get rid of gender inequality was by introducing the sex Discrimination Act this act makes it unlawful to discriminate on the grounds of a persons gender. Sex discrimination is not allowed in employment, education, advertising or when providing: housing, goods,
Even though today more women have joined the workforce and often do the same jobs as men, women get paid less. Women who get paid less in the workplace, despite doing the same job as a man, experience what is called the “pay gap”. The pay gap, also known as the “gender wage gap”, is the earning difference between a woman and man. Men earn an extra $1,356 a month or $650,000 a year between the ages of 25 and 65 (Henslin, 2010, p. 316). Now if the male is also a college graduate the pay gap will increase to $2,482 a month and total of $1,192,000 during their whole career (Henslin, 2010, p. 316).