Bussey came to this conclusion when he found that children imitate same sex models but do not imitate same sex models that are gender inappropriate. Gender roles are also affected by social influences like parents. Parents sometimes have strong opinions on the divides between genders which results in different reinforcements for different behaviours. For example, a mother may react negatively to their daughter playing with masculine toys but positively to their son playing with the same toys. Parental influence has strengths, for example there is a wealth of scientific evidence supporting it.
Two other females that had nicknames are known as a sexual need in the film because McMurphy invited them over to seduce the guard and Billy. First, women are inferior to men because they were never given a position of power. During the 1960s, woman did not have any experience with power because they still lived in a society where men are taking control. In quote, “These gender roles have been used very successfully to justify inequities, which still occur today, such as excluding women from equal access to leadership and decision – making positions” (Tyson, page 85). Males still see females as patriarchal women, not as leaders or decision makers.
In society there are always stereotypes and unwritten rules that are followed. During the era of Norman England, gender roles were a prominent facet of life; men and women adhered to strict codes of conduct. Men are idealized as strong, dominant, and respectful, whereas women are elegant and courtly. If an individual does not meet the standards of society, they are shunned. However, not everyone agrees with the heavy stereotypes laid down by the social order such as male dominance and proper courting.
There a many different types of feminist theories but they all share a few common interests. They all believe there is a fundamental division in society between men and women, that women are to some extent exploited by men and that society is male-dominated or patriarchal. They also criticize existing sociology by saying it has a pro-male bias. They call this ‘malestream’ sociology claiming most sociology is written by men, about men and for men. In the early 1970s feminist ideology became influential in sociology and this was reflected in a growing number of studies of the family from a feminist point of view.
Hostile sexism is a negative emotion directed towards women such as anger, resentment, revile and so on. The relationship between Lou and Mindy shows hostile sexism in American society. As we all know, Lou doesn't really love Mindy, but he still wants to keep her. As a powerful man, Lou has everything, he has money, status and also he thinks he should have "love". In Lou's mind, women are just goods for powerful men.
It is a known cultural difference that men usually dominate the world. There are many times when women are abused that they do not file charges against their assailants. Some of the governing assumptions that strengthen the mainstream explanation of the intimate abuse that many women face are as follows: First, men batter women because they are privileged, physically, financially, and socially; it is under the assumption in this belief that we need not understand the violence behind men’s violence beyond that point of the patriarchal explanation. Second, women stay in abusive relationships because of patriarchy. Third, the criminal justice system is sexist.
These sorts of stereotypes can prove harmful; they can stifle individual expression and creativity, as well as hinder personal and professional growth. The weight of scientific evidence demonstrates that children learn gender stereotypes from adults. As with gender roles, socializing agents—parents, teachers, peers, religious leaders, and the media—pass along gender stereotypes from one generation to the next. One approach to reexamining conventional gender roles and stereotypes isandrogyny, which is the blending of feminine and masculine attributes in the same individual. The androgyne, or androgynous person, does not neatly fit into a female or male gender role; she or he can comfortably express the qualities of both genders.
The two important ways that we learn gender role behaviours is through operant conditioning and modelling. Children may be punished for gender inappropriate behaviours in order to shape their attitudes, for example, a boy being teased for playing with dolls. This behaviour would be negatively reinforced as a society may believe it doesn’t run accordingly to their gender role. Positive reinforcement would be given in forms of rewards such as praise to encourage children to exhibit gender appropriate behaviors, for example, a girl being praised for baking and wearing dresses. Modelling, also known as social learning is where a child engages in gender role behaviour through observation of same-sex models, internalizing and imitating their behaviours and attitudes.
Treating all boys like warriors and girls like homemakers is insulting to their intelligence and abilities, and is taking too strong a stance on gender differences. Rather, subtle differences in treatment would be more suitable, such as not allowing a girl to walk alone at night, or not encouraging a boy to play with dolls. It’s ok if he does want to play with dolls (and says very little about his masculinity), but there’s no need to force it on him like a parent would with a girl. There are many situations in which boys and girls should be treated the same. Teaching a boy that it’s ok to push and shove because of his testosterone levels will probably make him more violent in the long haul, and it’s a better idea to show kids of both genders that violence is never O.K.
As we grow older, both sexes endure an incredible amount of pressure from the media to fit into their gender roles. If men show any feminine traits they are considered weak and are often not taken seriously. Have you noticed that society is more lenient on girls if they don’t conform to gender roles than boys? Girls can be “tomboys”, but that’s not necessarily negative, while “sissy” and “pansy” are used as insults for boys. This just isn’t right.