Gender Identity Paper

1650 Words7 Pages
Gender Identity Renee Ingram PSY 340 Nov 28, 2011 Diane Snyder Gender Identity Gender identity is defined as the sum of those aspects of a person’s appearance, personal conception of self and behavior culturally attributed to femininity or masculinity. As sex is biological, gender is psycho-sociocultural. Gender identity was used originally for the medical term to explain gender reassignment surgery. This term is also found in psychology and is often called core gender identity. Gender development starts at conception, it is from this point forward that one is treated as male or female (WebMD, 2011) . At conception a female embryo has the XX chromosome while the male embryo has the XY chromosome. Those who suffer with a gender identity crisis may possess either the XX or XY chromosome but in fact identify with as well as exhibit traits of the opposite sex. One's sense of gender and one's anatomical sex are two distinct elements: each developing at different times in different parts of the body (Kaneshiro, 2011) . According to Nevid (2008) in his book, Psychology: Concepts and Applications, the biggest argument related to gender identity is the nature versus nurture, the role played by hereditary and environmental factors as well as their relationship to gender identity. In addition, there is evidence that hormones have an effect, and plays a pivotal role in determining one’s gender. This paper will discuss gender identity, the interaction of hormones and behavior and examine the biological, psychological and environmental aspects and influences on sexual differentiation. ** Hormones are the chemical messengers that produced in different glands and are in general responsible for the body to function on the proper chemical level. As needed hormones are secreted to the site of action to allow certain biological activity to take
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