Gender Identity Essay

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Gender Identity Paper Corinne N Bryant October 7, 2013 PSY340 Teralyn Sell Gender identity can be defined as personal conception of oneself as male or female (Antczak, 2011). When dealing with gender identity, the aspects go beyond sexuality. There are psychological and scientific factors intertwined into what happens with a person and their gender identity. This with gender identity, which one has the most influence on gender identity, and current arguments about gender identity and biopsychology evidence that may help resolve those arguments. Biological Factors One of the biological factors involved with gender identity deals with sex and reproduction and involves a region in the hypothalamus called the INAH3. This region is different sizes in homosexual men and lesbians than it is in heterosexual males and females. The INAH3 in homosexual male is the same size as that of a heterosexual female and in a lesbian the INAH3 is the same size as that of a heterosexual male. With lesbians, this region of the hypothalamus grows over time which suggests that their submission to their sexuality makes the INAH3 grow. Another biological factor in regards to gender identity is genetics. Some scientists believe that sexual identity is encoded into a person’s brain during fetal development. A third biological factor that can be associated with gender identity is the exposure a fetus has to androgens while inside the womb. Androgens are male like hormones and there is a disorder called congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) that is affiliated with androgens. When a person’s adrenal glands produce too many androgens they develop CAH. This disorder has only shown up in lesbians and bisexual women. It is possible and very likely that, while in the womb, if a female fetus gets too many androgens it could cause her to be more masculine and therefore her gender identity may

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