Gender Identity Essay

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GENDER IDENTITY PSY 265 FEBURARY 17, 2013 GENDER IDENTIFICATION When I think of gender identity, I usually think of a person’s anatomic sex or how they perceive themselves. The phrase gender identity is defined by our physiological awareness or sense of being male or female, and it’s one of the most obvious and important aspects of our aspects of our self-concepts (Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Sex assignment reflects the child’s anatomic sex and usually occurs at birth (Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner-Rathus, 2005). In this paper we will discuss the factors that determine gender identity, how a person’s masculine and feminine traits can be described using the continuum of masculinity-femininity, and the masculine and feminine traits that I attribute to myself using the continuum of masculinity-femininity. We will also describe three factors in my life that helped determine my gender. Environmental situations, psychosocial factors, and even sexual hormones are a few of the factors that determine gender identity. “Gender identity is almost always consistent with chromosomal sex, but such consistency does not certify that gender identity is biological. Caregivers also rear us as males or females, according to our anatomic sex” (Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner-Rathus 2005). From the moment when sperm fertilized an ovum, our destiny to be a girl or a boy was chosen. Usually at that moment; 23 chromosomes from the male donor and 23 chromosomes from the female came together and combined to make a zygote. Starting about six weeks into the pregnancy, our bodies begin to form into what they are meant to be, and after the seventh week, our genetic code (XY or XX) begins to really assert itself. It is said that by 36 months old, most children have a firm sense of their gender identity. Our genes and anatomic sex play an important role in determining

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