Gender Identity Essay

1496 WordsApr 5, 20126 Pages
Gender Identity Gender Identity The personal conception of oneself as male or female is the definition of gender identity. Substances called hormones are produced by the body to act as “chemical messengers” used to attempt to control specific body functions like growth and metabolism. The thyroid, pancreas, pineal, adrenal, and pituitary glands are secretions of the different endocrine glands in the body, which control physical growth and pubertal changes, produce these hormones. The secretions of specific hormones help the body to maintain a state of homeostasis, or balance. If a specific hormone in the body is present in excess, or there is a lack of a hormone emotional and/or physical problems are plausible. The growth rate of children is controlled by the pituitary growth hormone, and the thyroid hormone. Larger amounts of the thyroid hormone are hidden in the first 2 years of a child’s life, and then remain stable at a lower level until the child reaches adolescence. Lower amounts of secretions from the ovaries, testes, and adrenal androgen are also part of the early years. (Tanner, 1990). A series of landmarks ending in the ability to reproduce is known as puberty. The pituitary glands start secreting an increased level of gonadotrophic hormones, and the primary hormonal changes begin between the ages of 7 and 8. As a result of this the glands of the ovaries and testes are stimulated and begin secreting an increased amount of a form of estrogen called estradiol in girls and testosterone in boys, which are the so-called sex hormones. New medications, created by researchers studying biopsychology, have been created to help those who have imbalances in hormones/neurotransmitters to function at what is considered normal levels. These hormonal balances can cause illnesses like depression, insomnia, and schizophrenia however; individuals who do

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