Gender Difference and Recency Effect

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Abstract The aim of this study is to understanding the gender difference on recall the memory in a short time. There were 174 participants involved in the experiment. The experiment was relate to two hypothesizes. First, participants may have primary and recency effect when trying to remember a list of words in a short time, and the result will show to be a serial position curve. Second, the gender difference may influence the working memory on recency effect. The result base on the statistics, and it was showed that gender difference actually has influence on recency effect. However, the conclusion base on the experiment, previous research and theory. People normally will need to remember something off of a list in daily life, for example, the list of groceries that need to be bought in the supermarket or, a list of words. The material that is used to temporarily remember these lists is called short-term memory or working memory. The working memory stores memory in an active or temporary stage and only holds information for a short time, and is forgotten or lost without rehearsal. There are two theories in relation to forgetting, interference theory and decay theory. Simply, interference occurs when the new information causes the forgetting the old information, and the decay causes us to forget because of the passing of time and the decay of a memory. There are two types of interference that are most remarkable in psychological theory and research, retroactive interference and proactive interference. The retroactive occurs when new knowledge or memories inhibit the recall old memories, such as when trying to remember something new, we might forgot the older information. The proactive interference is considered the opposite of retroactive interference, this kind of interference occurs when the retention of old material impedes the learning of new material. Both

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