Each stage is characterized by a psycho social crisis of these two conflicting forces. If an individual does indeed successfully reconcile these forces he or she emerges from the stage with the corresponding virtue. For example, if an infant enters into the toddler stage (autonomy vs. shame & doubt) with more trust than mistrust, he or she carries the virtue of hope into the remaining life stage. b. Behavioral Learning Theory- John Watson believed that behavior can be measure, trained, and changed. Behaviors can be studied in a systematic and observable manner with no consideration of internal mental states.
Later in his life Franklin’s deist views remain the same, however, possibly influenced by his Puritan upbringing and the Puritan culture surrounding him, he seeks moral perfection that is commendable by Puritan standards. The very fact that Franklin was able to develop and publish such radical ideas that were completely different from and contradicted the accepted views of his society is proof of the progress made for the rights to think freely during this time of Enlightenment. At the early age of 19 Franklin published a pamphlet in which he revealed his idea of human nature as not in need of constant improvement and punishment because humans are not naturally good or evil. Humans are simply human, nothing else. Franklin does not believe human beings could possibly be evil because he does not believe evil could exist with an all powerful, good, and wise God.
From the text, I gathered that Ridley wrote The Agile Gene from a biological perspective of psychology. Ridley talks much about how genes affect people, their minds, and their bodies. And his very in-depth look at genes is what make me think he took a biological perspective. Ridley himself is not a psychologist. He is just a biologist, which explains his great knowledge of how genes work.
Society is like the nature, an objective factual reality; it is a "real" thing made up of social facts that exists "out there", independently of individuals. They seek to discover the causes of patterns they observe to produce general statements or scientific laws, like natural scientists do. In order to do this, they use objective quantitative research, meaning value-free and number based data. They make up a hypothesis and test it in systematic and controlled ways, like in experiments. So these methods produce reliable data that can be checked by other researchers, which is one of the most important features in science.
Critique #3 1. What importance does Dewey give to the group in learning? Examine the contemporary emphasis on collaborative learning as an example of the educative power of the group. Provide specific examples from your experiences. As John Dewey once stated “Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself”, his perspective of education also emphasizes on the collaboration among learners to an end of academic achievement, just like how importance for people to interact with others if they are to succeed.
"The need for imagination, a sense of truth and a feeling of responsibility – these are the three forces which are the very nerve of education." (www.steiner-australia.org) (25/04/2012) Steiner’s curriculum contributes to the provision of enabling environment for children because his approach is based on providing a suitable environment with natural and sensory resources. He believes that setting should have no hard corners, plastic or brightly coloured toys but use natural resources for example wood as he believed these resources encourage exploration and creativity. Reggio Emilia was also an influential initiative for the provision of challenging environments for children because ‘’her approach to teaching young children puts the natural development of children as well as the close relationships that they share with their environment at the center of its philosophy.’’ (www.en.wikipedia.org) (25/04/2012) Emilia’s approach contributes to the provision of an enabling eviornment for children because its based on the idea of children being creative who
M1 – Assess different psychological approaches to study. Behavioural approach – Strengths and Weaknesses The main theory of behaviourism is that we are born a blank slate and all behaviour is learnt from the environment; and it focuses only on external factors that can be objectively observed. Because the experiment’s behaviourists conduct focus only on visible behaviours, behaviourist theories/experiments can always be falsifiable meaning they can always be possibly proven right or wrong. However only focusing on observable behaviours makes the perspective reductionist because factors such as cognitive processes and biology are excluded. A further strength of measuring observable behaviours is that data is easier to quantify and collect making carrying out statistical tests easier.
This is to encourage them to use the correct terms when they wish to communicate. According to John Watson, psychology should be the science of observable behavior. "Psychology as the behaviorist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods, nor is the scientific value of its data dependent upon the readiness with which they lend themselves to
The VARK learning style assessment is a tool used to assist people in identifying their preferred method or way of learning. The word VARK is an acronym and therefore each letter has a meaning, V for visual learning, A for aural learning, R for read/writing kind of learning and K for kinesthetic type of leaning style which involves the use of senses (touching, tasting, seeing, smelling and hearing).It is however important to understand that this assessment is not exhaustive and does not put a limit on what learning styles one can use. With this in mind it would be right to say that no learning style can be esteemed higher than the other. For the purpose of this paper the main focus is going to be on the aural style of learning as this is my preferred style of learning . The aural style of learning is widely known and used; Information is best absorbed by the learner when it is presented in the auditory form.
I will be discussing the distinction between natural law, and the law of society, and in this case maritime law. In order to clearly observe the theme of justice I believe the reader should be perceiving the story through Captain Veres eyes; the character that must analyze the laws of both nature and man. What is Natural Law? “Natural law is preexisting and is not created in courts by judges. Philosophers and theologians throughout history have differed in their interpretations of natural law, but in theory, natural law should be the same throughout time and across the world because it is based on human nature, not on culture or customs.” (Investopdia) An innate sense of morality would be the basis of what truly defines natural law.