Ged202X Problem Solving Essay

3723 Words15 Pages
TABLE OF CONTENTS QUESTION 1 1. THEORIES 3 1.1 Behaviourism 3 1.2 Positive reinforcers 6 1.3 Constructivism 7 2. APPROACHES 11 2.1 Three Approaches to Learning 11 Superficial approach 11 In-depth approach 11 Performance approach 11 2.2 Formal, Informal and Incidental learning 12 3. LEARNING STYLES 14 3.1 Activist and Pragmatist Learning Styles 15 3.2 Action Learning 16 QUESTION 2 2.1 Essay - Problem Solving 17 Bibliography 26 Question 1 Answer the following paragraph type questions. Take the marks as guideline for the length of the answer. 1. Theories 1.1 Behaviourism is an example of a theory on teaching and learning that originated from the natural sciences. Describe in your own words what the Behaviourist perspective is all about. (10) The Behaviourist Perspective: Behaviourism originated work done by natural scientists. It has its foundation in the belief that all human behavior is regulated by the same laws that regulate the natural world therefore human behaviour is orderly, predictable and controllable. According to this perspective, thinking and emotions have little to do with learning. (Teaching and Learning, GED202X/1, p.8). Because behaviourists do not concern themselves with internal events such as emotions or thinking, behaviourists focus on the external observable and measurable behavior and use detailed, accurate research formulae in order to explain and predict the relationship between a stimulus, the response the reinforcement of behaviours. B. F. Skinner’s version of behaviourism (1904-1990) had the greatest influence on the development of school curricula and the educational theory in general. His theory used three elements namely stimulus, response and reinforcement, to typify the interaction between the environment and an organism. a stimulus -that causes
Open Document