Garibaldi's and Cavour's Infulence Upon Unification of Italy

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In 1815 Italy was the country marked by the centuries of plundering attacks by foreign states, and then, in XVIII and early XIX century, by French and Austrian infulences. There was a long way separating the divided Italian states from unification of 1871. What citizens of those states needed were the strong political figures that would lead them to the consolidation. I'd like to concetrate on two of them - Giuseppe Garibaldi and Camillo Cavour. Two marginally different personalities, two different ideas of how should the future of Italy look like, and, therefore, different ways they followed to make those ideas come true. Rumor has it that Giuseppe Garibaldi was introduced to the idea of united Italy during a voyage to Constantinopole in 1833, when he heard the conversation of two men, one of them being a fresh member of La Giovine Italia - Young Italy. Garibaldi felt so enthusiastic about the idea, he had no choice but to travel to Marseilles and enroll in the movement. Regardless of over twelve years spent on the exile, where he served as the guerilla fighter, he was very much into the issue Italy was facing at the time, and was naturally favorable towards Mazzini's idea. Giuseppe strongly believed in freedom of the individual and was a radical republican. Because of his former experience he was inclined towards direct action, often without sufficient tactic which supposedly was an important reason for his initial failure. Then a chance of getting involved appeared: a revolt broke in 1860 in Naples, where Francis II run a despotic policy. It was a good opportunity for Garibaldi to show his disagreement with Cavour’s ideas – Garibaldi strongly opposed to alliance with France. One of the biggest problems of Garibaldi’s policy was that he was very much an idealist, whereas Cavour’s objectives were more realistic and he was determined to achieve his goal. Still,
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