However, the term gang is a complex and confusing word which does not have explicit and accurate definition Bullock and Tilley (2008) assert that gangs or bunch of hooligan youth group is any durable street-oriented youth group whose involvement in illegal, criminal and anti-social behavior is part of their identity. In addition, gang is an organized group of criminals and hoodlum carrying out dangerous activities such as armed robbery, stealing of properties, involved in prostitution and other anti-social behaviors that cause severe threat to society (De La Rue, 2014). More so, research and study shows that social structure make young people to join gangs as results of frustration, some poor people resort to several adaptations, including gangsters’ deviance and criminals behaviors (Alleyne and Wood, 2010). Moreover, Vigil (2003) suggests that neighborhood is another indispensable factor that motivates young people to become gang members. According to Densely (2012) neighborhood contributes a greater role in persuading and trigger off young people joining gangs in the contemporary society by initiating friends and fellow citizens to participate in gang’s activity through the influence of neighborhood relationship.
Are Graffiti,Gangs related to peer perssure? The answer is YES . Graffiti can be seen in very different ways but, to most eyes is seen as a bad thing.Is moslty seen as a peer perssure because some kids that do it werent really like that , there had to be someone who made them start. Most graffiti has to do gang realated and kids peer others kids into doing other things. Peer perssure is a global manfaction and is a problem to anyone.
As he is unable to achieve these luxuries through work, he may turn to criminal activity because he wants to be like his peers as he feels pushed out. Sociologists believe that to some extent, relative deprivation is the key cause of crime in society however there are some other aspects that affect this. Sub-cultural theories are a belief of some sociologists where crime is explained by saying that criminals learn how to commit these crimes from their peer groups or subculture. Cohen in 1955 completed a study on working class boys in North America and found that they were easily involved in gangs. One aspect that was said to have pushed them away from the education system and towards these gangs was because they had middle class standards and values and these boys were unable to live up to the high expectations of these teachers.
Unit 6 Project: Troubled Youth Vulnerable in Crime HN200 November 23, 2011 The specific populations I feel is vulnerable in terms of crime are troubled youth. I chose this group for a few different reasons. The first reason is based off the statistics in the text showing a much higher percentage of 15 -17 age group pertaining to arrest rates over adults. This is dealing with violent crimes in the U.S. Secondly youth are easily influenced and will do almost anything to fit in, even if it means committing or being involved with crime. Sometimes youth that had a troubled home, then continue the vicious cycle with other troubled teens on the run, streets, and in gangs.
Sociology 101 March 23, 2005 Juvenile Shoplifting Causes and Effects Shoplifting is when someone steals merchandise that is offered for sale from a business. This can include any type of business, from department store to restaurant, no matter how large or how small. Shoplifting is a form of theft and theft is a crime. Not only is shoplifting a crime against a store, but also against society. This is due to the fact that there are other hidden costs involved with shoplifting that affect our community and society.
It allows the police departments to take proactive law enforcement action normally before the gang gets an organized structure. The gang can or may range from a loose knit group of individuals who hang around together and commit crimes together, to a formal organization with a leader or ruling council, gang colors, gang identifiers could be such as tattoos, and a gang name. In the textbook on page 145, “Islands in the Street: Urban Gangs in the United States, it says that the functions that gangs fulfill or motives for joining a gang is to possible to escape a broken home, but many members that join still interact with their families. So that must not be the only reason in some cases of why people join gangs. It also say its because of money, drugs, woman, to commit a crime, and for protection because its better than the police.
Although today they are more organized, they are still very violent and will do in some cases whatever it takes to maintain their freedom and get the job done (Lyman, M. D., & Potter, G. W., 2007). My perception of organized criminals in comparison are similar for the simple fact that most groups these days do however choose to form rival mobs, or gangs if you will just to conduct their criminal activities under the radar. They use the creation of a business or gathering of an organization which is thought to perform legal operations while secretly conducting illegal operations. Some of these illegal operations may involve the transactions of drugs, money, or even
Essay Question Compare and contrast the gang theories of Cohen, Miller and Cloward & Ohlen Gang presence and associated serious and violent criminal behavior of youth in America continues to be an alarming concern of researchers and policy makers. Since the early 1900s, many have attempted to explain gang development, membership, and criminal and delinquent behavior associated with gang groups. Some of the gang theories are those of Cohen (1955), Cloward and Ohlin (1961) and miller (1962). First of all, Cohen was very much influenced by Merton, accepting much of what he had to say about the structural origins of crime and deviance. Cohen’s theory assured that lower class youth enter into gang delinquency as a group response to a failure to acquire status as measured by middle class norms and values.
PROS AND CONS OF JUVENILE GANGS Pros and Cons of Juvenile Gangs The two separate opinions in relation to juvenile gangs come from the perspective of those who experience the life style and simply those who see the negative effects of the juveniles who are subjected to such a life style. Although the proponents of the gang life style are very few and not well documented the inner social purpose of gang activity is based on as sense of survival that in the environment it is present provides social tools and associations that if not present would cause the gang members to be repeatedly victimized. The opponents of the gang life style would be those of the rest of the population. Even those who have not seen gang activities directly are repeatedly exposed to the worst stereotypical results of such a life style from popular media such as news and movies or through continued publicity of gangster rap or other “art” forms that originate from such cultures and now echo through popular culture straight to the attention and popularity of suburban juveniles that were before rarely subjected to that type of lifestyle, even to include violence, murder, and heavy substance abuse. The life style of a gangster can seen easily as one of a career criminal, and in many cases this is true; the question that has to be posed is simply why, why would a juvenile chose that life style, one that is surely going to end with tragedy, the death of many friends, family, and almost certain imprisonment.