How significant were the non-violence campaigns of 1919-22? The non-violence campaigns of 1920-22 were significantly not only for displaying the beginnings of a spirited Indian nationalist movement, but the massive impact that an organised and united Congress could have on the Raj. This unification is credited to Mohandas Gandhi, whose peaceful methods were revolutionary and was also the first to understand that the best way to get eventual independence was through non-violent means. The term ‘non-violence campaigns’ refers to the Ghandi organised protest which targeted the core of the Raj, as opposed to creating change by violent means. Gandhi’s four principles of non-violent protest caused complex problems for the British rule, based around the fact that the Raj was built upon Indian support if that was removed there would be no more Raj.
This book is basically a biography of Mahatma Gandhi, who was both a political and spiritual leader. He was vastly known for his nonviolent resistance, wining only by using tactics like information warfare or nonviolent protests. By only using his policy of nonviolent resistance, he was able to lead India to freedom from British rule. This book is a very useful cource. Chakrabarty, Bidyut.
He used this idea to present a non-violent resistance against the British colonization and for Indian independence movement. He achieved his goals through non-violence and advised the world to do so as well. On the other hand, Lenin could not imagine the state without violence. His revolutionary ideas demonstrated that only through violence could the state know peace and freedom. He emphasized that violence should be used in any possible way to achieve the ultimate goal, and thus create a better future for the new generations.
Two outstanding figures that aided them in achieving this were Jose Marti in Cuba and Luis Munoz Rivera. Their nationalistic ideas helped in the fight of both countries in gaining independence and autonomy. Many similarities existed in the nationalist ideas of both men as both wanted some form of autonomy for their country.Marti struggled against the dual oppressing forces of Spain and the U.S. to gain independence for his island nation while upholding his beliefs in liberty, freedom and greatness of the human spirit. He embraced the concepts of freedom, liberty and democracy.However Munoz Rivera in 1915
Gandhi had great determination to make a difference in the world by influencing others of his beliefs of non-violence, a determination so strong that he acquired great things for India. He had also helped many others across the world with his beliefs. Martian Luther King Jr.; a known leader was very captured with Gandhi’s use of non-violent protesting and actually used this concept (Rosenburg, internet). Through his use of non-violent beliefs Mohandas Gandhi became a strong leader who promoted equality and peace that led his home country to freedom. Mohandas Gandhi’s ways of life and beliefs had to begin with his own life.
Gandhi saw this as a central importance and it ultimately guided him to create a non-violent way of fighting back against the British. Tolerance of other beliefs and religions was of supreme importance to Gandhi. In his view, “The golden rule of conduct...is mutual toleration.” He believed that every religion deserves equal respect, and no religion should claim to be superior, as he thought that all of them contained the same fundamental truths. From these beliefs Gandhi came to the conclusion that Hindus and Muslims should be tolerant of each other so that all Indians could unite. Another long term factor which contributes to Gandhi’s identity is his experiences in South Africa which fostered his interest in injustice and ways to achieve it.
“Kim” Formal Commentary Hope Lehman Rudyard Kipling wrote “Kim” displaying his own imperialist beliefs. During this time “Kim” embodied the attitude Kipling observed between India and its British rule in the early 20th century. This book displays Kipling’s belief that Britain had a right to ‘own’ India and he never even thought otherwise. The main character Kim was born into this view that Britain owned India and grew up in this manner so naturally had no reason to question this way of life. Though it is hard to excuse Kipling’s attitude towards this decade in history, we cannot ignore the historical fact in which this book possesses.
12-8-10 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Mohandas Gandhi was a peace maker from India. He influenced others to be strong influencers on world peace. Gandhi was a political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. The nonviolence concept helped India to gain independence, and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. He is officially honored in India as the Father of the Nation; his birthday, 2 October, is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Many different leaders and philosophers went through great strides as advocates for equality amongst all races and nationalities. There were many different approaches to acquiring and reaching that goal. Two activists, Mahatma Gandhi and Karl Marx, both impacted the socialistic and capitalist world through their methods. While Gandhi took on a more peaceful, non violent strategy when fighting for equality between India and the British, Marx was adamant that he would reach his final goal of Communism by any means possible, violence included. Ultimately, because Gandhi’s beliefs and tactics in incorporating those beliefs were based on religion and peaceful, non-violent protests, and Marx believed that violence and action would successfully end social classes in Europe, there is a very distinct difference between both men’s methods, yet they shared the same common goal: to do away with inequality.
Mohandas Gandhi drew his inspirations from Henry David Thoreau; the author of “On the duty of Civil Disobedience” who is known as the founder of one of the powerful weapon known as Civil Disobedience. Therefore, he acted in a way that has not been seen before in the world. He responded to the British rule through Civil Disobedience. Putting everything together Mohandas Gandhi created his own concept of civil disobedience which is known as “satyagraha.” Satyagraha comes from Sanskrit meaning “truth force.” Indians were not allowed from the British to collect or sell salt. So he organized a campaign through satyagraha.