Gamal Abdel Nasser

457 Words2 Pages
Gamal Abdel Nasir was the embodiment of what the Arab world desired to be during the period from 1952 to 1967. He was an assertive and independent individual who engaged himself in the construction of a new society freed of the imperial past and oriented toward a bright Arab future. Born in 1918, Nasir was the second president of Egypt and was considered as one of the most influential and charismatic figures in Middle Eastern politics during the mid-20th century. Nasser had six brothers and one sister. His father was a rural villager who moved to Alexandria, where he entered the postal service as a minor clerk and where his first son, Gamal, was born. Nasser did not have a normal family life, his mother died when he was eight, his father was transferred, and the young Nasser grew up living with various relatives in Cairo and Alexandria. During his high school years, he was exposed to all the political crosscurrents of the 1930s and, like so many students of his generation, participated in anti-British demonstrations and was wounded during the protests of 1935. The nationalization of the Suez Canal, reforms in the educational and economical fields, and the defiance of Western influence to achieve complete independence made Nasser a dynamic leader and a progressive reformist who inspired and influenced the Arab world in his time period. Nasser was a colonel in the Egyptian army and was the leader of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 along the first president, Muhammad Naguib, who overthrew the Sudanese and Egyptian monarchies and constituted the republic of Egypt. He was a core participant in the Free Officers movement that sought to unseat the Egyptian monarchy and end the British occupation. He also led the Free Officers in a coup d'état in 1952, overthrowing the ruling dynasty under King Faruq. What is interesting is that both Gamal Abdel Nasir and General
Open Document