Gallipoli and the Making of the Australian Identity Essay

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The Gallipoli Campaign and Shaping the Australian National Identity. When a colony of one country finally becomes a new nation in its own right, its citizens usually struggle to determine whether they still identify with their previous rulers or if they are indeed part of a new nation, a new people. A people who have joined together to create their new nation. In essence they struggle to decide their collective National identity. Are they part of the new Nation or do they see themselves as outsiders, clinging to the ‘Mother Country’, clinging to old traditional and old values? Did the fact the Australia was granted its independence by Great Britain and became a Federation of States create a new National Identity or was there a more important seminal event that lead the members of this new Nation to try begin to identify themselves as Australian? Smith (1993) believes that National Identity is a person's identity and sense of belonging to one state or to one nation. A concept that is supported by Bockstock & Smith (2001). In essence National identity is the cohesive force that brings Australians together. Throughout history men and women have fought and died for the notion of a national identity. The same was true for the fledgling new nation called Australia. Never more so that in 1915 when the sons of this new nation, under direction from their former colonial rulers, stormed a lonely, rugged, windswept beach on the Gallipoli Peninsular, Turkey. This essay will examine seek to determine if this one pivotal event had did indeed have any impact on the new nation of Australia and if so to what extent it helped shaped the Australian national identity. Australia became a federated nation in 1901. Gelber (2010), states that prior to 1914 and the start of the Great War, Australians saw themselves as part of the worldwide British family with their

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