WESTERN GOVERNORS UNIVERSITY Financial Analysis RJET Task 1 Executive Summary An extremely crucial element to any business entity is the financial analysis process. So what exactly is financial analysis? The actual definition is The assessment of the (1) effectiveness with which funds (investment and debt) are employed in a firm, (2) efficiency and profitability of its operations, and (3) value and safety of debtors' claims against the firm's assets. It employs techniques such as 'funds flow analysis' and financial ratios to understand the problems and opportunities inherent in an investment or financing decision. (WebFinance, Inc, 2013) Simplified it is the process of evaluating the current business, let’s say their effectiveness, and their future in their industry.
Evaluations of this information provides insight regarding a company’s ability to productively useeconomic resources as well as providing a basis for further shareholder assessments of prospective risks and returns. Based on this, one may conclude it is an extraordinarily basic yet important element of financial infrastructure. These evaluations consist of three reports that provide a company options for communicating the state of the internal control structure. The options can be evaluated under established criteria commonly found in Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO), Control Objectives for Information and related Technology (COBIT), and International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 17799/27002
Those statements are income statement, retained earnings statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows. All of which are reviewed as well to provide a complete understanding of accounting in today’s society. Accounting consists of identifying, recording, and communicating the economic events of an organization to interested users (Jerry J. Weygandt, 2008, p. 4). The purpose of accounting is to keep track of all financial events in the company for the internal users or management to make sound decisions regarding the business and also for external users such as investors
Personal Budget, Balance Sheet, and Cash Flow Statement ACC/547 April 30, 2012 Kristen Debbis MEMORANDUM TO: Mr. Boss, TT Accounting Firm FROM: CPA DATE: April 30, 2012 SUBJECT: Summaries and Recommendations An abundance of contributing factors exist that help determine one’s financial success or failure. Amongst these entities are both statistical and numerical facts and several other key items. Some of the necessary facts should include the ages of a client, their spouse, children and dependents, educational backgrounds, and the couple or families income. Other key or important items that may be needed are to be outlined in professionally prepared personal budgets, balance sheets and cash flow statements. Major concerns and goals are also important to note within these documents.
Why consider an organization’s approach to IM/IT resources and services as an exercise in portfolio management? •forces you to relate specific IT investments with the associated business need(s) and value propositions •provides a framework and standardized lens for the assessment of all IM/IT investments as well as measures for valuing those investments •focuses on a methodology for the valuation of IM/IT projects that connects well with the understandings of enterprise business leaders and IT governance •allows for year to year measurement of changes in IM/IT investments versus the impact (attributed results generated) by those investments •allows for qualitative if not quantitative comparisons between various IM/IT investments pursued by business units within the same enterprise and conceivable between competing businesses within the same industry How does an IM/IT portfolio management methodology help to serve the needs of the greater organization and facilitate a better appreciation by the business of its IM/IT products and services? •the organization has the following information resource management needs: • o to transact o to manage, control, make tactical decisions o to innovate, transform, increase its strategic competitiveness o control costs and improve overall performance •the portfolio model tracks and measures IM/IT project and service value and performance in the very manner that the business thinks of and measures value in these and any other corporate investments; aligning the description of and thinking about IM and IT investments in this manner allows for a common basis for understanding •IT transactional value is all about cutting operational costs and/or improving the efficiency of existing operations. •IT informational value is all about enabling management, control, and decision making. •IT strategic value is all
Financial Statements ACC/280 May 01, 2012 Edward Vargas Financial Statements Accounting is extremely important by monitoring the functions of the companies, and allowing them to make appropriate financial transactions and decisions. Some areas of accounting can seem confusing and difficult but in the end the outcome is clear and concise. There are two basic forms of accounting known as; financial and managerial accounting. Financial accounting responsibilities are to follow the General Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) that is regulations for investor relations, creditors, and taxation purposes, whereas managerial accounting is for internal evaluation. There are different functions and categories that accounting
Introduction Upon reading this chapter, you may feel like you are preparing for a project management role rather than an information security role, but you’ll soon see that the interests of those who manage the business and those who safeguard it are intertwined. This chapter, more so than any of the other domains of the Common Body of Knowledge, deals with business management concerns: how to prepare for an emergency or calamity and how to respond and continue operations under suboptimal business conditions. 123 Information Security: Principles and Practices, by Mark S. Merkow, CISSP, CISM and Jim Breithaupt. Published by Prentice Hall. Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN: 0-558-86622-0 124 CHAPTER 6 | Business Continuity Planning and Disaster Recovery Planning In this chapter, you will learn about the goals of sound business continuity planning and disaster recovery planning, how these two types of planning differ, the types of threats that could invoke emergency planning and procedures, and several of the more prominent techniques organizations are using to plan for and hopefully prevent a disruption in business activities.
Written / Oral Questions 1 - What is the purpose of the standard known as AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009 Risk Management? The purpose of the standard known as AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009 is to provide principles and guidelines on effective risk management. ISO 31000 provides a universally accepted theorem for companies implementing risk management processes to replace currently implemented strategies that vary between industries. 2 - There are a number of key provisions of relevant legislation and regulations from all levels of government that that may affect aspects of business operations, such as: ◦duty of care ◦company law ◦contract law ◦environmental law ◦freedom of information ◦industrial relations law ◦privacy and confidentiality laws ◦legislation relevant to the organisation’s operations ◦legislation relevant to operation of a business entity ◦anti discrimination legislation ◦ethical principles ◦codes of practice ◦health and safety legislation Why is it necessary to have a working knowledge of the legislation involved in business? It is necessary to have a working knowledge of the legislation involved in business to ensure that the laws protecting consumers, suppliers & workers are implemented and complied by.
The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board today issued for public comment a Staff Consultation Paper on standard-setting activities related to auditing accounting estimates and fair value measurements. The paper was prepared by the Office of the Chief Auditor as part of its outreach efforts to seek input related to the potential need for changes to the PCAOB standards in this important area and a possible approach for a new auditing standard. PCAOB inspection staff have continued to identify numerous audit deficiencies across various types of estimates, across various sizes of audit firms. "Accounting estimates and fair value measurements can be subjective and complex, yet they can be an important part of a company's financial
Magdalena Herod B2108632 LB160 eTMA02 PART I Use the stakeholder model of business environments to critically examine the external environment of Asda Wal – Mart as outlined in the case of study. The stakeholder is a person, group or organisation who affects or can be affected by organisation’s actions. “The stakeholder analysis is a way of organising these people and groups into stakeholder’s categories according to the level of their interest in the organisation and their power to influence it.” (LB160 course glossary p.23) Very common method to indentify stakeholders is creating stakeholder matrix (Figure 1). It illustrates the relevant stakeholders and shows theirs power and interest in the organisation. | | Interest | | | | High | Low | Power | High | (stakeholder(s)) Sam Walton customers | (stakeholder(s)) | | Low | (stakeholder(s)) competitors employees suppliers trade unions | (stakeholder(s)) Chambers of Commerce | Figure 1.