Fungi Essay

656 Words3 Pages
There are many different types of fungi in the world with nearly 100,000 fungi species and only 300 known to cause infection in humans. Not many infections are diagnosed or reported with in the human species. Fungi are subdivided based on their life cycle, structure and arrangement and the types of spores they produce. Three major groups multicellular, macroscopic and single called microscopic yeasts. However fungi can be an important component of the human body. Fungi can be very complex multicellular organisms or single celled. Many fungi can live on land but can reside in any habitat. The main resting place is plant material or soil over fresh water and sea. The decomposers grow on soil and dead plant matter as they play the role in cycling of carbon and alike elements. Parasites in plants cause diseases such as scabs, mildews, canker and rusts. Many fungi infections of animals and humans only infect the outer layer of skin. Animals such as birds, insects, invertebrates, pest vertebrates and invertebrates. Mycosis is the name for the fungal infection of animals. Even though mycosis is common a variety of physiological and environmental contributions to the development of fungal diseases. The diseases that happen for the humans are skin diseases such as athletes’ foot, thrush and ringworm. Multicellular filamentous moulds are made up of fine threads also called hyphae. Growing at the tip and dividing along their length hyphae create long and branching chains. Some hypal branches form spores on aerial branches as they grow into the air. Spores are like seeds they allow fungus to reproduce. Even though fungus isn't able to move they use spores to find a places with less competing organisms. Macroscopic filamentous can grow by producing a mycelium below the ground. Producing visible mushrooms and toadstools differ from moulds that hold the spores. Tightly
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