Functions of Emotions Essay

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Functions of emotions Angelito Smith, Dana Hall, Brittney Areias, April Potter, Bobby Weber PSY355 October 21, 2013 Dr. Joycelynn Flowers-Ashton Functions of emotions Every individual is motivated in different ways. In order to reach maximum potential one must find what their greatest source of motivation is. Many of us are motivated by our legacy, potential possessions or earnings. Another significant source of motivation for people can be emotions. Emotions begin in our minds as we absorb outside stimuli. We apply a cognitive label to the actions we are observing and finally our brains attach an emotion to what we are observing, which guides any following actions. This process is an important one because of the volume of input that we take in every second of each day. So much thrown at us makes it easy to see how emotions can motivate us so profoundly. As a result various methods of analyzing emotions have been formulated to explain exactly how emotions motivate individuals. A few of the most recognized are the factor theory of emotion (Schater-Singer theory) and the Cannon-Bard theory. In addition these theories use various complex methods of research including the category analysis, the evolution theory, and the analysis of facial expressions. The following will include in-depth analysis of emotions and these diverse theories and methods that are associated with them. Schachter-Singer theory This theory is also known as the two-factory theory. In the 1960s Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer proposed the two-factory theory that was one of the first cognitive theories of emotion. The Schachter-Singer theory theorized that even though a person was physically aroused that was not the reason individuals feel emotions. Their theory is that an individual may be aroused but they must label cognitively the arousal before feeling emotion. In other

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