This is primary socialisation which is taught mainly by families which teaches the young generation the norms and values. There are many different parts to the society, all of which rely on each other to make up the behaviour of society of which we expect; these include the family, economy and education. Most sociologists believe that family as a very important system, the foundations of which society is built on. Murdock strongly believes this and argues that the family “performs four essential functions to meet the needs of society and its members.” These four essential functions include stable satisfaction of the sex drive, reproduction of the next generation, socialisation of the young and meeting its member’s economic needs. The stable satisfaction of the sex drive means being faithful to one partner and thus stopping social destruction caused by being
With family being the primary factor for being the way that we act functionalists believe it is important that the family socialises the children properly so that they can pass on these norms and values, This will there for ensure that the children will confirm to laws and rules. Functionalists favour the nuclear family as part of a post industrialisation family. This is because during the time that functionalism was around there weren't many extended families due to the factors such as the war. This would give the mother and father there separate roles within the family. The father would go out to be the “breadwinner” whilst the mother would stay at home to support the family emotionally and domestically such as cooking food and the safeguarding of children.
Assess the view that gender roles and relationships have become more equal in modern family life (24 marks) : The domestic division of labour refers to the roles that men and women play in relation to housework, childcare and paid work. Sociologists are interested in whether men and women share domestic tasks equally. Talcott Parsons (1955) argues that this division of labour is based on biological differences, with women ‘naturally’ suited to the nurturing role and men to that of provider. He claims that this division of labour is beneficial to both men and women, to their children and to wider society. In Talcott Parsons functionalist model of the family there is a clear division of labour between the two spouse, ‘Instrumental’ and ‘Expressive’ roles.. Talcott Parsons states that the husband has an instrumental role, geared towards achieving success at work so that he can provide for the family financial, he is the breadwinner.
The approach presents the family as a family isolated from wider kinships because of the mobility required by labour markets in industrial societies. The image that functionalists create of the family involves the support for the nuclear family from the wider welfare state. It also suggests that any childcare for the family would be provided by non-family agencies, for example; playgroups. The usefulness of this ‘privatised nuclear family’ is that it gives closure within the family, allowing stability and support. It’s beneficial as there are male and female role models available for the children, and it gives the parents more control of how their children are brought up.
Assess the contribution of functionalism to our understanding of families and households Due to functionalism’s very positive outlook on family life; functionalism can be seen as only ever looking at the harmony of family life and therefore ignoring the possible conflicts and any negative sides of family life. Functionalists argue that families perform vital functions for society and without the stability they claim society would eventually fall apart; functionalists produce a list of the functions performed by family life such as socialisation, identity and reproduction, they claim that without the structure of family this all wouldn’t be able to occur. Functionalists also describe how the family is perpetually changing its structure and functions as society has changed in order to keep up with the new needs of society as they arise. Murdock argues that because families perform such functions as; socialisation, identity, reproduction, it then goes to makes the family a universal institution. As in performing these functions the family links up with other institutions, providing future pupils for education, workers for the economy, and so on.
The children rely on their technology that is available for them instead of their parents. The room and the house replaced their parents, when the parents let the house do everything for them. These are all ways in which the house replaces their parents and takes responsibility for the family. After the father lets them play in the nursery for a final time in the end, they call them Mommy and
Who knows? This is a very delicate topic that has so many different yet valuable attributes, theories and valid points of views; however many are adverse to one another. Most parents attempt to conduct, mold and guide their children’s impulses into socially accepted ones. Therefore, one of their main goals when parenting is to teach these children the necessary skills and accepted rules in order to function and have acceptance within their social groups (Essentials of Psychology, 2005). This is the reason why different social groups adopt different styles of parenting that math their social beliefs, values and interests.
Without labourers the economy (infrastructure) cannot be serves, thus failing the bourgeoisie. Therefore, on this basis alone, Marxists argues that the functionalists have not really contributed to our understanding of the family at all as they offer a utopian rather than realistic view. Once the family has been born, functionalists argue that the socialisation of individuals is imperative. The nuclear family provides primary socialisation which inducts members into the value consensus of society. This enables that progression of society and ensure the equilibrium is maintained.
Though having offspring is why marriage is created marriage should be based on the basis of how two people love one another. 4 is a prescriptive premise because the value statement of traditional customs is the only reason why society does not accept BREAKING DOWN, DIAGRAMMING AND ANALYZING ARGUMENTS 3 gay marriage. 9 is a prescriptive premise because it contains a value statement between marriage and raising children. 2 [In the United States marriage is understood to be the decision of two people to live together and be a partnership, a
Family Systems and Healthy Development Liberty University Family Systems and Healthy Development In today’s world, families are dynamic and interdependent systems. The developmental processes of the children in the family are deeply affected by how the family system operates. However, a family’s structure does not determine whether it is a healthy family system or not. Today, families consist of single parents, stepparents, divorced parents, remarried parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles. They are all able to contribute to a healthy functioning family system by meeting each family member’s needs and encouraging positive communication (Jamiolkowski, 2008).