Functionalism of Family

520 Words3 Pages
Functionalists say that the family is an important institution in society that provides functions to meet some of society’s needs. Section 2b highlights the socialisation function of family. Functionalists say that the family is an important institution in society that provides functions to meet some of society’s needs. The family has the greatest impact on socialization. Infants, especially are totally dependent on others, and the responsibility to look after the young ones typically falls on parents. From then on, the parents begin to teach their child the norms and values of society. This often involves the child learning the stereotypical role of their gender. In addition to this, the class of the parents are conferred upon the child. George Peter Murdock found that nuclear families are universal. He also believed in 4 function of the family. These included of the nuclear family supplying a sexual function, as being a couple stabilises satisfaction of the sex drive with a constant partner and prevents social disruption, too supplies a reproductive function as being a family ensures new members of society to keep society going and an educational function as parents socialise their young into the norms and values of society. Also, he believes that the family have an economic function as they meet the economic needs of food and shelter. However, Murdock’s view of the nuclear family eliminate any other family structures, which too are able to supply these functions, and also neglects the conflict and exploitation of family. Parsons evaluated how the family provides solutions to the needs of modern industrial society and pre-industry society. Geographical Mobility is a need of modern industrial society as jobs now require people to move nationally or internationally for jobs. In today’s society, they’re are less extended families, making it easier for families to
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