Students undergoing intellectual and adaptive assessments often display specific characteristics that lead to the suspicion that they may qualify for special education services. A few characteristics of a student that has an ID is that the student has a lower IQ then most individuals of the same age group, causing them to have difficulties learning content at the same rate as peers, difficulties with oral expression, listening comprehension, at risk in the areas of social/emotional/adaptive, and is not responding to interventions being put in place by the general education teacher. Intellectual functioning of an individual refers to
Students with challenging behavior require specialized care and monitoring to identify and determine the functions of their behavior. An accurate documentation and analysis of data helps to ensure that an effective Functional behavior assessment (FBA) and behavior intervention plan (BIP) are put in place to combat the adverse behavior. When the function of the inappropriate behavior is ascertained, alternative acceptable behavior are used to replace them. It is important to make sure that the alternative replacement behavior will serve the student the same purpose or function to prevent the student from developing other unacceptable exhibitions and habits. The antecedents and setting events, the behavior and consequences should be critically considered to ensure that the function of the behavior is met.
Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation Even though students with disabilities are now entitle to an education, social implication of attitude, legislation, and litigation effected the lives of students with disabilities because students with disabilities miss out on opportunities and the right to an education. The social implication of attitude on the lives of students with disabilities have change over time. In the past students with disabilities was view in a negative way making where they miss out on many opportunities such as obtaining an education. Now these students are gaining an education and being view as unique. The Civil Right Movement brought about legislation in preventing prejudice towards people with disabilities allowing them the right to an education.
Assessment 3 Practising successful inclusion Gerald Pg, 364 Gerald has been identified as having Asperger’s Syndrome. Attwood (2007) states, students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulty with theory of the mind which is a core cognitive deficit. Gerald lacks social skills and struggles to develop cooperative social interactions which contributes to poor peer relationships. This behaviour leaves Gerald excluded from friendships and social situations. This makes school unenjoyable for the student which can lead to outbursts of anger and fights with other students.
This article addressed the concerns regarding retention rate in the early grades, specifically kindergarten and first grade. The article described that there are two reasons for early-grade retention. In kindergarten, it is usually the result of behavior, children who are thought to not mature enough for first grade. However, what is typically considered the main reason for retaining a student is due to performance in reading and mathematics. The authors acknowledge that there are negative consequences to preventing a student from promoting, some examples include an immediate loss in cognitive growth (Hong & Yu, 2007) and may cause damage to the child’s self-esteem.
The question of the assessment being appropriate for students with disabilities is also raised. Teachers feel that this time-consuming process tends to take away from other students who aren’t completing a portfolio that school year. Other complaints by teachers include the subjective nature of the scoring, the validity of the portfolio for assessing the effectiveness of a program, and the lack of support and assistance that they receive from administrators and teachers in general education in completing the portfolio assessments. Review of Related Literature Accountability for All Students
The teacher should have the ability to check learners understanding during lessons. It is important that the teacher recognises learners may respond in different ways to feedback and should adapt techniques accordingly. Evaluation of the course is essential to ensure it is up to date and still relevant, that it meets the needs of the learners, and that objectives and learning outcomes are being achieved. Self-evaluation is also important to ensure teaching techniques are appropriate and that the
Students deserve to feel safe at school, however when they experience bullying, the effects can last long into their future. Some of these effects include: Depression, low self-esteem, health problems, poor grades and suicidal thoughts. Bullying causes both short and long term damage related to these effects. Not only are these issues the children have to deal with they also deal with physical problem obvious bruises or wounds from harassment, sleep disruptions, bed wetting, psychosomatic aches. Social Difficulty can lead to inapropreate social skills, social isolation, inaccurate social perceptions.
There are other factors that must be investigated when a child or teenager does wrong. Some of the determining factors include school, culture, adoption, and divorce of their parents. In order to prevent future youth crimes, society should take into account the factors to determine the level of punishment the child deserves. Growing up in today’s society children face educational barriers in school. Research shows that most students are academically deficient even taking into account their mental ages, which are typically slightly below those of their chronological age mates (Epstein, Kinder, & Bursuck, 1989).
How should teachers award and punish their students? Teaching children is a very hard job, not only for parents but also for teachers since some children do not obey their words most the time. In order to let the children be more obedient, parents and teachers may use different kinds of method to encourage or penalize the children. Being a tutorial teacher for a year, I have taught a number of students and also realized some methods are very effective. In case, the student does not obey my instruction, positive punishment, which is the application of an unfavorable stimulus after an undesirable behavior in order to decreases that response, is a very useful method and the result can be shown shortly.