Friday, April 26, 2013 - 12:00pm PDT by JONATHAN NETTLER Architecture, South Asia 5 1 0 As the death tool passes 300 from the horrific collapse of an 8-story garment factory in Dhaka, Bangladesh, thoughts turn to New York City's Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire of 1911. Can some good follow this disaster, as it did in New York? The nototrious Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire was New York City's second deadliest disaster until the collapse of the World Trade Center in 2001. It was also the instigation for significant reforms in working conditions and building safety. According to Wikipedia, as a result of the fire that killed 146 garment workers, "[n]ew laws mandated better building access and egress, fireproofing requirements, the availability of fire extinguishers, the installation of alarm systems and automatic sprinklers, better eating and toilet facilities for workers, and limited the number of hours that women and children could work."
Joshua Long 10/2/2011 English 101 “Informative Essay” Subject: “Chernobyl Disaster” Draft: 1.0 The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear accident that occurred on 26 April 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine (officially Ukrainian SSR), which was under the direct jurisdiction of the central Moscow's authorities. An explosion and fire released large quantities of radioactive contamination into the atmosphere, which spread over much of Western USSR and Europe. It is considered the worst nuclear power plant accident in history, and is one of only two classified as a level 7 event on the International Nuclear Event Scale (the other being the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster). The battle to contain the contamination and avert a greater catastrophe ultimately involved over 500,000 workers and cost an estimated 18 billion rubles, crippling the Soviet economy. The immediate aftermath of the reactor meltdown is seen here, this picture being taken a few days after the incident The battle to contain the contamination and avert a greater catastrophe ultimately involved over 500,000 workers and cost an estimated 18 billion rubles, crippling the Soviet economy.
"2011 Miyagi earthquake" redirects here. For the aftershock that occurred on 7 April, see April 2011 Miyagi earthquake. 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami 東北地方太平洋沖地震 An aerial view of damage in the Tōhoku region with black smoke coming from the Nippon Oil Sendai oil refinery Peak tsunami wave height locations, color-coded with red representing most severe Date Friday, 11 March 2011 Origin time 14:46:23 JST (UTC+09:00) Duration 6 minutes Magnitude 9.0 (Mw) Depth 32 km (20 mi) Epicenter 38°19′19″N 142°22′08″E / 38.322°N 142.369°E / 38.322; 142.369Coordinates: 38°19′19″N 142°22′08″E / 38.322°N 142.369°E / 38.322; 142.369 Type Megathrust earthquake Countries or regions Japan (primary) Pacific Rim (tsunami, secondary) Total damage Tsunami wave, flooding, landslides, fires, building and infrastructure damage, nuclear incidents including radiation releases Max. intensity IX Peak acceleration 3.0 g Tsunami Yes. Up to 40.5 m (133 ft) in Miyako, Iwate, Tōhoku Landslides Yes Foreshocks 7 Aftershocks 1,235 Casualties 15,844 deaths, 5,893 injured, 3,394 people missing The 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku (東北地方太平洋沖地震, Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin?
(2014). Invasive Species: Old Foes Meet Again. Current Biology, 24(9), R372-R374. LeBrun, E. G., Abbott, J., & Gilbert, L. E. (2013). Imported crazy ant displaces imported fire ant, reduces and homogenizes grassland ant and arthropod assemblages.
1984- Toxic fumes leaking from pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, kill at least 6,000 people and injured 50,000-60,000. 1985- Scientists discover annual seasonal thinning of the ozone layer above Antarctica. 1986- Explosion of Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine. 1987- Montreal protocol to have emissions of ozone-depleting CFC’s signed by 24 countries. 1990- National Environmental Education Act authorizes funding of environmental education programs at elementary and secondary school level.
Devastation, destruction, terror, and straight up fear, is what people would’ve seen if they visited Nagasaki or Hiroshima after the atomic bomb was dropped on those cities. The number of scientists who were involved in the development of the atomic bomb is unbelievable. The bombs were very unique objects, whether it was the size of the bomb, or even the amount of explosives inside. The names of the atomic bombs will forever be remembered for the chaos they brought to Japan. The decision to drop the bombs was one of the most difficult things President Truman had to do during his Presidency.
General Electric- Environmental Pollutions Contents Back Ground on General Electric and the Environmental Issue of Pollutions from General Electric’s dumping and burying of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB’s) 4 1876-Thomas Alva Edison opened first laboratory in NJ 1890- Thomas Alva Edison builds the Edison Electric Company Thomas-Houston's Electric Company expanding 1892 - The two companies merge to become General Electric Multinational Company Headquartered in Fairfield Connecticut- Incorporated in Schenectady NY Four Segments - energy, technology infrastructure, capital finance, and consumer indutrial Operates in 160 countries, employs 300,000 employees worldwide What led to the Issue 5 General Electric's use of PCB's at two capaciter plants in NY Burying of PCB's in school yards and playgrounds General Electric’s Reaction 6 1976- GE charged by EPA for violating the clean water act GE knew since around 1936 that PCB's were harmeful GE delays cleanup for decades How General Electric could have prevented the issue 7 Should have stopped use of PCB's Managers had an ethical and moral obligation to do what was right My Course of Action 8 GE should research other products that would be safe to use Companies have more laws now to follow What General Electric is doing today 9 1997- GE told by EPA they would be fined if clean up didn't start 2005- EPA gets commitment from GE to start the first phase of the cleanup 2009 - Phase one of the cleanup starts 2010- EPA completes Evaluation report December 2010- GE agrees to start phase two June 6, 2011 - The final phase is started- estimated to last five to seven years Bibliography 11 General Electric- Environmental Pollutions Back Ground on General Electric and the Environmental Issue of Pollutions from General Electric’s dumping and burying of Polychlorinated
DISASTER | BACKGROUND | SHORT TERM SOCIAL | LONG TERM SOCIAL | SHORT TERM ECONOMIC | LONG TERM ECONOMIC | SHORT TERM PHYSICAL | LONG TERM PHYSICAL | IMMEDIATE RESPONSE | LONG TERM RESPONSE | Mount Nyiragongo Volcanic Eruption 2002 | * Active stratovolcano in East African Rift DRC * 3470m high with 2km wide crater and lava lake inside * Proximal to towns of Goma & Lake Kivu * Eruption 17 Jan 2002 * Several months before was increase in seismic and fumarolic activity. Many stayed near site due to lack of education * 13 km fissure south side * UN scientists lead 400000 evac | * Goma split into 2 by lava flows * 4500 (40%) buildings destroyed * 120000 homeless * 14 villages destroyed * 2 hospitals destroyed | * 400000 fled, over half to Rwandan border * Looting in Goma after people left * Cholera outbreak at refugee camp as no clean water or electricity * Death toll: 147 * Water treatment plant destroyed not helping | * Lava crossed the runway at Goma meaning airport was unusable * Destruction of crops was bad for local economy as only real mean of income * 80% of economic area destroyed | * Attracts more volcanologists to the area and adding a tiny amount of money to local economy. Most stay enclosed within labs and round the volcano | * Land around volcano was ruined – a fifth of Goma | * Formation of a lava lake within the crater with constant eruptions now | * The destruction of the runway meant no big aircrafts could deliver aid * UN supplied 220 tonnes of aid to refugees * Poor infrastructure meant aid could not make it to most vulnerable * Fears of endemics like cholera and diarrhoea just avoided * Goma volcano Observation was updated with help from international community hopefully reducing the chance of a repeat event | Mount St Helens Volcanic Eruption 1980 | * Active stratovolcano in
The main radioactive elements that cause maximum damage to the affected population were iodine-131 and caesium-137. Which iodine-131 is short-lived, caesium-137 has a long life (World Nuclear Association, 2013). The Chernobyl nuclear plant is located in the small township of Chernobyl that had a population of around 12000 in 1986. Very near to Chernobyl is the city of Pripyat that had a population of around 50,000 people. Both these places took the real brunt of the accident and were massively affected.
Muto was conscious of a sense of bewilderment. He had thought that they had everything in place for such contingencies. In fact, he was the vice director of TEPCO’s Nuclear Power and Plant Siting Division four years ago, when the company studied the possibility of a tsunami reaching 15.7 meters high hitting the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant. How did this spiral out of control so quickly?