Fuel Alternatives in shipping Essay

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1. Introduction The topic Fuel alternatives in shipping was chosen by our group because each member expressed a personal interest in this field and, therefore, it was seen as useful not only to learn more about the alternative fuels in shipping, but also to inform the class about the outcome of our report. One of the motivating forces behind the choice of the topic is the fact that the usage of current fuels in shipping results in tremendous pollution combined with the fact that oil is a finite resource with constantly increasing prices in the long term. As said by IMO Secretary-General Efthinios E. Mitropoulos, nowadays we have a growing concern for our environment, we do realize that if our ways are not immediately changed, “the damage we will inflict on our planet will render it incapable of sustaining the way of life to which we have grown accustomed”. Therefore, every potential polluter, every user of energy as well as every contributor to climate change and global warming should, from now on, adopt greener practices. The shipping industry is no exception and makes the environmental issue a priority (IMO, 2009). Every year, there is approximately five million tons of oil polluting the oceans. And it has been estimated that about 47 percent originates from the ships. Consequently, most of the pollution caused by the ships (80 percent) comes from normal ship operation and only 20 percent is caused by accidents. It is not difficult to find the source of intentional ship-originated marine pollution: the discharge of oily ballast, bilge water from all types of ships and tank washing from tankers bring oil pollution, while dumping sewage and garbage causes other kind of pollution that affects the marine environment in an undesirable way. Oceans and seas are the world’s most fertile natural resources, and, therefore, should be protected in a sustainable manner for

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