But unlike earlier philosophers, such as Socrates who were concerned with how to live a good/ethical life, and famously said ‘the unexamined life is hardly worth living’, both Nietzsche and Sartre are concerned with being and existence. The first and most important tenet of Existentialist thought is that Man Is Free. Nietzsche believed that the ‘will to power’, was the primary drive and the source of all creative activity and the key to human freedom. It was the all-important way to achieve freedom of the individual and that absolute objective truth of the world was an illusion and our search for such a truth is bred from fear. While having much in common with Nietzsche, both are atheistic existentialists, Sartre proposed that man is nothing but what he makes of himself and therefore by taking responsibility for his actions he can change his life and create a new Man.
Schopenhauer did not believe in a new life following death; instead, he viewed death as a representation that fuels man’s will to live. Will manifests itself, not only as desires, but also as fear, terror, and awe. Schopenhauer’s views contrasted with the modern Kantian ideas at the time. Though Schopenhauer was a supporter of Kantian idealism, Kant believed that the human mind could not expand its knowledge about the thing-in-itself; whereas Schopenhauer expressed that will is man’s access to this knowledge, stating that will is
Daniel Kvamme MC 371 Professor Petrie 3/01/2010 Friedrich Nietzsche and “On the Genealogy of Morality” Friedrich Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morality seeks to explain the difficult question of contemporary morality of man by portraying it as an ascetic ideal, the basis of which is guilt and a bad conscience, both of which would lead to the furthering of what Nietzsche calls a “slave revolt”. Another well-known philosopher, Emmanuel Kant, would fervently refute this view. Kant believed that morality is constructed from universal reason and in no way, shape or form can be understood from a historical origin. While both men make valid points, through all of the historical examples such as religion and social class systems, Friedrich Nietzsche makes a stronger argument. In the treatises of On the Genealogy of Morality, Friedrich Nietzsche explains the two camps of contemporary morality, which Nietzsche believes are artificially constructed by man.
By challenging conformities created by society, celebrating trust in one's own mind, and designing a practical path to peace of mind through logic and reason, the writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson most clearly define the ideals of Transcendentalism. Americans in the early nineteenth century gained a great sense of pride in disobedience with the achievement of exemption from British rule, and Emerson embodied the nation’s will to think critically about the structure of society. Foremost among his peers, he rejected
Although they have unlike methods, both Hedges and Dawkins aim to scoff at advocates of religion by focusing on what their beliefs entail and then attempt to discredit them with their own beliefs. American Fascists and The God Delusion both discredit religion and believers but in their own ways. American Fascist primarily focuses on the modern movement used by Christians known as pseudoscience. Pseudoscience is a claim, belief, or practice which is presented as scientific, but lacks supporting evidence and does not stand by a legitimate scientific method. “The movement’s leaders dress up this ideology as scientific to discredit real science.”(Hedges 5) Hedges argument against pseudoscience is that it was only created to reassure believers that evolution is not only a myth but also there is a one-hundred percent probability that it never happened backed by what they consider scientific fact.
During this same time, the Catholic Church was moving further from the theology of the Protestants. The reformation was also known as the “Protestant revolt from the medieval Roman Catholic Church” (Harvey, 1918, p. 321). Luther was active in pointing out the “characteristic differences of attitude, of tendency, and of judgment, as well as of method, exhibited in these modern attempts to portray and interpret the most widely influential of the earliest founders of Protestantism” (Harvey, 1918, p. 321). Luther wanted to stress that there was a need to expunge the “corrupt bureaucracy” within the church, which can only be done when the church returns to the Bible (Owenby, 2011, p. 1). Luther believed that all believers should abide by the words of ‘our Lord and Master Jesus Christ” and repent of our sins (Morris, 1998, p. 56).
Atheism may be defined as ‘the conscious rejection of a theistic entity creating and controlling human life and natural phenomena’ . The nineteenth and twentieth centuries in particular have seen a rise in atheism as a philosophical alternative Christianity and other religious traditions. The Enlightenment, with its emphasis on rationalism and the primacy of the scientific understanding of reality, witnessed the emergence of atheism as an alternative discourse as the influence of Christianity began to weaken. Atheism is not just a rejection of the tenets of Christianity but of Islam and other religious traditions also. Contemporary Islam, for example, is now discovering a discourse towards atheism which distinguishes Muslims who no longer practise their religion from those who express disbelief in the central truths of Islam .
This is simply the result of the contrasting of evidence between hypothesis based on science and religion. She quotes Richard Dawkins, who argued that science proves by an appeal to evidence, where religion runs away from the evidence. This is all based centrally on what the author calls “the outmoded or outdated” Warfare model. Inferring that these types of evidence based models change their positions, and are superseded like simple clothing fashions of the season. Science and Religion very sparingly share like outcomes when they are attempting to verify the positions of the other.
Identify the position that the author take concerning the problem. Colson’s stance on the issue is that there is a moral breakdown in society and it is up to everyone to do their part to change this. In this article, he is especially reaching out to the Christians, who seem to be losing sight of what their faith actually is and what it means to truly be a Christian. He uses compelling arguments backed up by statistics to show that Christians, while having an
As mentioned by Tim LaHaye, “secular humanism is a dangerous worldview that exalts man’s knowledge rather than God’s wisdom” (1). On the other hand, Robert F. Morse described “the guiding principles of humanism are rooted in intellect, science, critical thinking and experience rather than belief in divine authority” (1). As a religious person myself when I read the article by Tim LaHaye, I felt secular humanism is bad indeed. We shouldn’t be detached from religion because before everything else, religion helped us understand good and bad paths of life. I would like to believe we are the followers of the God’s path.