Psychoanalytical analysis of The Metamorphosis (Franz Kafka) Introduction PSYCHOANALYTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE METAMORPHOSIS, BY FRANZ KAFKA Introduction We are using Freudian psychoanalytic criticism as our conceptual framework to analyze Franz Kafka’s classic long short story—The Metamorphosis. Taken from Beginning Theory: An Introduction To Literary And Cultural Theory by Peter Barry, Freudian psychoanalytic critics first analyze and interpret literary text in the distinction between the conscious and the unconscious mind. Second, they emphasize the unconscious motives and feelings, whether these are those of the author or those of the characters depicted in the work. Third, classic psychoanalytic symptoms, conditions or phases are presence in the literary work. Forth, they make large-scale applications of psychoanalytic concepts to literary history in general.
"…writing is one of the closet ways to get a detailed look at our dreams…stories, poetry, and songs come from the subconscious…they show the author's inner thoughts and let the reader inside her or his inner soul." Jonathan Malory, Literature inspired by dreams Bram Stoker's Dracula, like many literary works are constantly analyzed by their metaphoric content. Although it is true that some literature is metaphorically intentional, there are many instances where a story is simply a story. Dracula can and should be analyzed through the psychobiographical perspective in which the question of what unconscious elements of the text express the fantasies of the author is raised. The so-called metaphoric content is none other than a reflection of the author's inner psyche in which the neurotic author uses literature as a form of sublimation (Freud, 150).
ALLUSIONS IN FAHRENHEIT 451 Literary allusions often are used to relate a novel to various other pieces of literary work. Ray Bradbury used a multitude of literary allusions to enrich the plotline of Fahrenheit 451. These references provided subtle hints of depth in the novel to the reader. Some allusions helped the novel by adding to the plot, providing a relatable experience to the reader, referencing familiar stories and fables, and giving characters and settings that special something called an “it factor” that the reader could find special. Some allusions, however, were harmful to the plot or to the reader, most often by confusing the reader if they did not know the context of the original quotation.
In the attempt to capture truth in writing, writers and readers alike are cognisant of the artifice that occurs in the process of writing. This oxymoron; that truth and authenticity can result from artifice is the basis of the conflict that occurs between concepts of reality, truth and literary realism. The nature of fiction itself presents tension between truth and artifice: writers abide by the facets of literary realism, which has a “fidelity to the truth” (M.H. Abrams), and must create artifices to deliver meaning and create truth, utilising techniques of fiction such as metaphor, figures, imagery and dialogue which aren’t necessarily true. In order to create a sense of authenticity, Nam Le abides by verisimilitude in his short stories “Love and Honour and Pity and Pride and Compassion and Sacrifice” and “Tehran Calling” in his collection The Boat.
Emma Culloty BIRMI2A 11 Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a Client’s presenting issue. Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is a theory that has caused a large amount of debate and can be seen as quite a contentious issue, particularly when using this theory to try and understand a client’s presenting issue. This essay will look into Freud’s psychosexual theory and will describe how it relates to adult neurotic behaviour. The essay will then look at the critiques of Carl Jung and Erich Fromm and will look at the ideas surrounding Jung’s collective consciousness and Fromm’s view based on a sociological perspective, where the person is able to decide for them and how problems can arise for a client when this does not happen. This essay will also look at the role of women and homosexuality and discuss whether Freud’s views where based on a cultural prejudice when he devised the psychosexual theory.
Signs can be; A heightened sense of fear and anxiety around a person. Low self esteem Possible STD infection Inappropriate sexual behavior to others An interest in sex that is not in line with the age of the person. Fear of being with a certain sex. Emotional/psychological Abuse Many forms of abuse are obviously cruel. Emotional abuse is more subtle.
The therapies based on the psychodynamic approach are dream analysis, free association and projective tests. They aim to uncover parts of the unconscious mind, and as its brought forward, to help the client deal with and accept these unconscious thoughts and desires. Dream analysis involves the client keeping a record of their dreams to then discuss them with their therapist. The therapist then analyses these dreams on the basis that everything in your dreams has a manifest and latent meaning, and that imagery in dreams comes from our unconscious minds. For example, a therapist may long pointy objects in a dream latent meaning is related to male genitalia.
Sexual abuse is when one person exerts power over another to achieve sexual gratification. Individuals may be unwillingly subjected to: · Rape. · Sexual assualt. · Sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, could not consent or was pressurised into consent. · Indecent exposure.
Compare the ways in which the particular point of view of a character or persona is important to the understanding of theme in any 2 modern texts you have studied. In The Great Gatsby and Heart of Darkness, the narrators filter the story they each tell through their necessarily subjective consciousness. These points of view result in particular effects that could not have been achieved with an omniscient narrator: distorted societies and blurry perception, the difficulties of perceiving anything purely, as well as ironic tension due to ambivalence towards the central character. The points of view, with their blurry perceptions, contribute to a dream-like atmosphere. Both societies are described impressionistically – the jungle is a “mournful and senseless delusion”, while the East is said to have a certain “quality of distortion”.
Freud said that these thoughts are unacceptable to the adult conscious mind so they are relegated to dreams (Freud called this repression) where we can act out our wishes. Freud believed if we did not dream, the energy from the desires would build up to unsafe levels that could threaten an individual’s sanity. This psychoanalytic approach stated that the main function of dreams is to unconsciously fulfil wishes that cannot be satisfied in the conscious mind. Freud distinguished between the real meaning behind dreams, the latent content, and the innocuous form that the dreamer remembers, the manifest content. The process of the underlying wish being converted into the manifest content is called ‘dream work’ and Freud said that this manifest content may be meaningless to anyone but a psychoanalyst.