In this essay Freud sets out his theory of psychosexual development. He asserts that there is in all humans an innate drive or instinct for pleasure, a sort of psychic energy, which he calls the libido and this energy needs to be discharged. He then goes on to describe how this drive finds outlet at the earliest stages of life, as babies, toddlers and infants and describes the oral, anal and phallic stages and the psychological effects of fixation at these stages. It is important to note that Freud separated sexual aims and objectives. His work on sexuality and perversions led to the wider theory of sexuality whereby he differentiated the sexual aim (the desire for pleasure) and the object (the person or thing used to fulfil the desire).
Lynch and Richards (2010) stated, “He has added significantly to our understanding of clinical and theoretical issues and provided us with wise input on complex group, organizational, and political dilemmas” (p. 1). Within this article, the importance of psychoanalysis is highlighted as well as the reasoning behind Rangell’s interest within psychology. Rangell was fascinated with Freud’s findings, especially taking interest in the study of anxiety, and went beyond Freud’s research to satisfy his own curiosities. The article informs the reader of Rangell’s journey, what he discovered, and the major influence he was to psychoanalysis. Moreira (2012) stated, “Humanistic-phenomenological psychotherapy is a contemporary development of person-centered therapy” (p. 3).
Interestingly I read there is a possibility that both types of theories of hypnosis are true and we may soon find out they are explaining different parts of the phenomenon of hypnosis ( Mathew Whalley, 2007- 20013). 3. Relaxation in hypnotherapy. Conforming to Hadley and Staudacher (1996) the subject can be transported into dimension, where hypnotic suggestion is possible, by applying an induction. There are a few kinds of induction differing in approach, length of time, and tone: The Fixation
Essay Title “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue” 2536 Words Georgia Cooke This assignment will answer the statement “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue”. I will begin by detailing Freud’s psychosexual theory and show its proposed relationship to adult neurotic behaviour. Some of the criticisms and weaknesses of the Freudian theory will then be discussed, followed by a brief description of alternative theory to Freud’s. I will then touch upon its relevance in the twenty first century. To conclude I will clarify the key points made within the essay and detail what I have learnt.
Central to Freud's theory, and perhaps his greatest contribution to psychology, is the notion that our psyche is composed of parts within our awareness and beyond our awareness. Freud used the term psychoanalysis to label his theories and techniques for identifying and curing the mental problems of his patients. This essay will outline the main concepts that surround Freud’s theory of psychosexual development, thus showing how it can help us understand our clients presenting issues. In order for me to do this I will firstly describe the psychosexual stages in relation to personality development followed by briefly identifying some of the main criticisms. I will lastly concentrate on discussing the applications of his theory to therapy today.
Psychiatrist and dream researcher, J. Allan Hobson and Psychiatrist Robert McCarley have done extensive research in to their theory. They state that dreams are merely the by-product of bursts of activity emanating from sub cortical areas in the brain. J. Allan Hobson produced a theory of quantifying mental events and correlating them with quantified brain events which lead to Robert McCarley’s contribution. The two researchers drew upon a theory based on their research, namely the Activation Synthesis theory. And lastly, the two researchers’ dismissal of Sigmund Freud’s theory is examined.
Storytelling is important to human existence because it is a means of capturing memories of the past and incorporating them into ethical and everyday life. Memory and ethics coincide with each other as one can be an explanation or an observation of the other; without one, the other would most likely not make sense. Goodbye Lemon written by Adam Davies is a wonderful example that exudes the power of storytelling. The narrator, Jack, writes of the many different personal qualities and traits his deceased brother Dexter might have possessed, since Jack was too young to have any memory of his brother. Through the prologue of Goodbye Lemon , Davies wants to convey to his audience that you can bring any character to life through writing.
He introduced the lucid dreaming where the person feels awake in his or her dreaming. Nevertheless, it was limited of studies because lack of technology to be experimented on. Psychology is the study of mind and behavior. Each person has different personality and mind. Some could be bad or some could be good.
RUNNING HEAD: Existentialism Existential Psychotherapy: Theory, Practice, and Research Nadine Duckworth EDUC 5705 - Counselling Psychology: Theory October 29, 2007 Existential Psychotherapy: Theory, Practice, and Research Introduction Existential therapists assist clients to develop a deeper understanding about life, enhance their self-knowledge, and become the authors of their own reality. Existential psychotherapy can be seen as a tapestry of intersecting practices, all oriented around the concern of the lived human experience (Cooper, 2003). In this paper, I will explore the history and philosophical ideas of existentialist theory, examine its descriptive and prescriptive value with regard to therapeutic practice, and evaluate the research in support of it. I will conclude with the proposition that existentialism is a very broad theory that has many potential applications, and is in need of more research to support its practices. History of Existentialist Theory As long as humankind has been consciously aware of its own existence, there have been existential ponderings.
My interpretation of this definition is that psychology, while unique to each person, is the culmination of all experiences which ultimately identifies a being and can at times predict or evoke certain behaviors. In the clinical sense, psychology can be a useful tool when controlling behavior, gathering data for an identified population or attempting to explain the what and why’s we encounter everyday of our lives. Psychology and Life (19th Edition) goes on to describe the evolution of modern psychology, which can trace its beginnings to ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle. Plato and Aristotle had opposing views that weighed heavily on modern psychology. On one hand Plato believed in more of a nativist view, in which assumes that people are preprogrammed for certain behavior due to their lineage from the time they are born (Gerrig, R. J. and Zimbardo, P. G. 6).