Sigmund Freud differed from B.F. Skinner in terms of approaching human behavior. Sigmund Freud was a psychodynamic psychologist. His idea about human behavior and development shows that behavior throughout life is motivated by inner, unconscious forces, stemming from childhood, over which people have little control. He focused on the realm of the unconscious mind and the defense mechanism of repression. He created the clinical practice of psychoanalysis for curing the mind ailment-psychopathology.
There are different theories established by psychologists, which explain where personality originates. The highly important individual who played a role in the psychoanalysis theory was Sigmund Freud. Freud believed an individual’s personality was influenced by the unconscious, which there is no way to control. He based understanding of personality on analysis of patient’s dreams as well as his own dreams. Adler theorized that personality was motivated by the influence of society and fighting for triumph.
Further still, I will discuss the differences between the theories that see the patient’s behavior as coming from patients mind alone versus the theories that see the patient as reacting to his/her environment. Lastly I will describe the concepts and give the vignette that explains how the Kohut theory works. Psychoanalytic theory Psychoanalytic theory was first developed by Sigmund Feud and refers to the dynamics of personality development (Asch. M, 2004) He had interacted so much with mentally ill patients and through a series of close examination of his patients; he came to discover that human behaviors are controlled by the unconscious desires. He also linked some childhood desires with the development of ones personality.
Sigmund Freud was the ﬁrst to challenge the view that mental disorders were caused by physical illness and proposed that psychological factors were responsible for the illness. The psychodynamic approach highlights the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences. Psychodynamic psychologist’s attempt to deal with the mental health issues of their patients by incorporating these ideas and creating therapies using these ideas. The basic concept behind psychoanalysis is that a patient that suffers from mental health problems such as depression can address any regressed feelings thus, the patient gains insight of and can learn to work through their emotional baggage. It is a generalised concept that if the cause of the symptoms were tackled it would only be logical that the symptoms would then cease.
Sigmund Freud on Personality Theories and the Influence Today Abstract I chose this topic because of my interest in personality theories, introduced by Sigmund Freud. I was eager to explore the theories and methods that help determine a person’s personality. I will explain Sigmund Freud’s basic concepts of personality theories and how upbringing, genetics, and culture can influence one’s personality. Sigmund Freud was one of the most famous psychologists who helped make the conscious mind versus unconscious mind note worthy. The conscious mind represents the events in which you are aware of during points of time in a day.
Nevertheless, criminologists continue to find useful aspects of old studies even from discredited psychological theories, like psychoanalysis (Williams & McShane, 2009). Personality and Criminal Behavior in Psychological Positivism As psychology became a credible source of insight into human behavior, criminologists began using this perspective to define the origins of deviant personalities. Within psychology are various models that explain behavior, some of which include psychoanalysis, learning theory, and cognitive development. Although these philosophies are similar, each perspective provides a unique viewpoint on the causes of criminal behavior (Flowe, 1996). Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis, a system developed by Sigmund Freud in the early 1900s, describes behaviors as the result of one’s ability to control drives and impulses.
PSYCHODYNAMIC THEO Psychodynamic Theories Mike Smith, Christine Smith, Arvan Thompson, Marcy Rigsby PSY/405 Dr. Dave Brueshoff October 17, 2011 Psychodynamic Theories The first psychoanalytic theory was conceived by Sigmund Freud (Meyers, 2007). This was the basis for what we have today regarding psychodynamic personality theories. Sigmund Freud’s contribution to this theory includes his thoughts on the stages of psychosexual development, conscious and unconscious minds, and defense mechanisms. This made way for other great psychologists to offer contributions to psychodynamic personality theories, like Alfred Adler’s individual psychological theory, Melanie Klein’s object relations theory, Carl Jung’s analytical psychology theory, and finally, Karen Horney’s psychoanalytic social theory. In this analysis we will look at two specific parts of analyzing psychodynamic theories.
The humanistic theory of personality see’s the individual as unique and it views the world from different perspectives. In humanistic theories there is no focus on the personality traits or what motivates people’s behaviour. It is influenced by philosophical beliefs and endures that ones life is determined by choices made by an individual. It is also the belief of goodness and positive Psychology which contrast to Freud’s psychoanalytical theory of personality. A person’s personality can be influenced by other individuals who alter their self esteem negatively and place conditions of worth on the individual.
In this task I will be outlining each of the major perspectives in the list below (P1). I will then add to each outline an explanation of the limitations of the perspective (M1). Psychodynamic Theory The Psychodynamic theory was developed by Sigmund Freud. The studies of the human mind lead Freud believing that the early experiences of individuals, affected their personality later on in life. Freud also believed that the mind was made up of three parts which were the id, ego and superego.
DO NOT SUBMIT YOUR ASSIGNMENT AS AN ATTACHMENT! Dear Mr. Freud, The research that you compiled has helped lay the foundation for other theorists to build and develop psychoanalytical principles and techniques. Your structure of personality is still used today. The id, the ego, and the superego are still used to help determine personality. Your views of the conscience and unconscious are looked at as the greatest contributions and help in understanding behavior and the problems of personality.