4. The type of personality that Steve displays according to Freud is the phallic personality. What could have caused this was the lack of affectionate relationship with his mother, feeling not good enough and in a way ashamed. Lacking self-confidence in viewing himself as attractive. He uses constant sexual encounters as a way to feel attractive to combat the self-confidence issues he felt growing up.
- to avoid preconceptions whereas men can make superficial decisions ranging incomparably narrow. In addition, Tannen suggests an example where women can be simply judged based on their titles - “Ms.” and “Mrs.” Tannen adds on by referring to Ralph Fasold’s research that it is actually the male that is marked. She writes, “Fasold points out that girls are born with fully female bodies, while boys are born with modified female bodies.” Tannen admits that she herself who is writing about the inequality between genders could be seen as a feminist, yet doubted that anyone would put that label on Fasold. Tannen concludes that she is unhappy about women not having the freedom to be unmarked as men had. Some days she just wants to get dressed and go about her business.
In contrast, Oates begins her version of the tale midway through the relationship. Anna does not seem to have such a negative perspective of men, rather she is just distrustful. Anna’s thoughts of me are “What did it mean to enter into a bond with another person?” (221) “No she did not really trust him; she did not really trust men” (221). From the beginning of each of the stories, both Anna and Dmitry’s distinctively different points of view of members of the opposite sex are apparent. However, through the life of the affair each of their perspectives of the opposite sex softens.
These altered what each participant actually saw, therefore not requiring actual confederates. They found levels of conformity similar to those obtained by Asch for women, although not for men. This suggests that Asch’s confederates had acted convincingly in the original study as the results were reproducible using women. A bad point with his study was that the sample was not representative of the target population therefore making it endocentric as all males were used. There has been evidence to suggest that females are more conformist than males, this mean that the findings cannot be applied to women.
The evidence provided to Freud was dated back to when Hans was three Hans had a high interest in his penis, which he referred to as his widdler. Hans obtain much pleasure from touching his penis as well as Hans became preoccupied with the penises of others. Hans’s mother began to make threats about his touching his penis, which was considered inappropriate. At this point Hans began to have a fear of experiencing castration by a doctor, which were the threats his mother made if he did not stop touching his penis. The next infatuation was whether or not his mother had a penis or not.
This is just one example of the way men misuse texts in the Koran to justify the repression of women. This also shows how women are not told of the dangers in this because they are just women who don’t need to be educated. The only thing the doctors who try to help these women can do is tell them the dangers against genital mutilation and proceed with the surgery even if they decide to go through with it. After generations of this practice, many women were taught to believe it made you more beautiful and kept you from becoming a prostitute. The more knowledge gained of genital mutilation led to different reasons of have the procedure done, such as “keeping their daughter’s chastity” (37).
Who is Carol Gilligan and what does her research say about possible gender differences in moral reasoning Who is Carol Gilligan and what does her research say about possible gender differences in moral reasoning? Carol Gilligan is a renowned psychologist in the field of women's studies who challenged Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning by suggesting that Lawrence Kohlberg's theory is inaccurate because he did not consider the woman's affinity to caring in the context of making moral decisions. He instead only considered moral development from the male perspective of justice and rights. Gilligan argues that Kohlberg's theory "does not adequately represent the morality of girls and women" (Berk, 2010, p 409). She also suggested that his research was flawed because his research participants were Caucasian males that were well off, and therefore could not present an accurate theory with such limitations on his research.
However for both Bronte and Austen, relationships were unconventional for their time, as neither of the women married. Austen’s novel was much more widely accepted, as the heroine does not condone the inappropriate relationship that begins to form between Isabella and Captain Tilney. “His behaviour was so incompatible with a knowledge of Isabella’s engagement” Austen is satirical and ironic Cathy and Heathcliff’s relationship becomes strained and unobtainable because of the pressures society imposes on Cathy to marry for status and weath. Their family and society forbid Cathy and Heathcliff’s love throughout the novel. Critic Suzanne Birkett suggest ‘She later marries Edgar and comes to feel that she is imprisoned by society’s rules.’ As although Cathy has made a wise choice in marrying Edgar because ‘He will be rich’, her forbidden love for Heathcliff still hinders her when Heathcliff once again returns in chapter ten.
Bass in “The Sexual Performance Perfection Industry and the Medicalization of Male Sexuality” (2001) disagrees with Conrad and states,” The industry’s definition of good sex changes the basic nature of a sexual encounter from one intimacy and pleasure to one of the achievement and performance. Therefore, this often unattainable standard of performance guaranteed makes most us feel like failures.” According to Bass, the creating the advertisements lowers the self –esteem of males who do not meet the televised
Surveys handed out to Saudi Men have proven that more than Women have demonstrated the need to be taught to toe the line with survey results that evince that jealousy is the main factor that leads women to step “by mistake” on husband’s precious gems. They have the audacity to claim that this jealousy arose from their lack of rights and that stepping on these jewels would increase their confidence. As if permitting them to be around us, husbands, was not enough to be grateful for. If an infringement of that law ought to occur, consequences depending on the severity of the situation and the pain suffered can include but not be limited