French Revolution Essay

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The French Revolution began in 1789 during an immensely awkward period of the French History. It was cause by many different reasons and the consequences of those actions forever changed French living. The reasons for the revolution are categorized into different topics: political, economical, ideological and social, quite a few of these, erected many years before the revolution even came about. With the meeting of the Estates-General on May 5, 1789, the Revolution began. The representatives of the Third Estate led the way. Some of the nobles and many of the clergy joined with them. They changed the name of the gathering from Estates-General, which represented classes, to National Assembly, which represented the people of France. When the king shut them out from their usual place of meeting, they took the famous Oath of the Tennis Court (June 20, 1789), pledging themselves not to separate until they had given France a constitution. When the king sent a messenger to remove them from their hall, the fiery Mirabeau cried out: "Go tell your master that we are here by the will of the people, and that we shall be removed only at the point of the bayonet." Paris, 11 miles away, was alarmed by rumors of the troops gathering about Versailles. A Paris mob stormed and captured the old royal prison in Paris, called the Bastille, on July 14. Here for generations kings and ministers had imprisoned men and women at will. Soon after, its thick walls were torn down. The date of its capture became a French national holiday. When the king was told what had taken place he exclaimed: "Why, this is a revolt!" "No, sire," was the reply, "it is a revolution." After the fall of the Bastille a revolutionary committee of middle-class citizens governed Paris. A national guard composed mainly of citizens was organized. It was commanded by General Lafayette. Then the provinces followed the lead

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