French Indian War Essay

737 WordsOct 21, 20123 Pages
The French and Indian War was the North American conflict that was part of a larger imperial conflict between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years' War. The French and Indian War began in 1754 and ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The war provided Great Britain enormous territorial gains in North America, but disputes over subsequent frontier policy and paying the war's expenses led to colonial discontent, and ultimately to the American Revolution. However, the war changed the relationship between Britain, France, and Native Americans which will be discussed more in detail in this essay. Before the war, England adopted a policy of mercantilism with the goal to achieve a favorable balance of trade within the empire as a whole, with exports exceeding imports. After that, they put the Navigation Act of 1651 into action with the hope to keep business within the empire. Finally, Britain and its colonies had the Triangular Trade which is a complex web of trade. Britain exchanged manufactured goods for colonial raw material, while Africa provided the enslaved laborers who produced the most valuable colonial crop. While Britain is trying to stay within their empire, France and the Native Americans had a strong connection. They traded fur, weapons, and other goods on a regular basis and lived together in a harmonies way. The French and Indian War had two phases in North America. During the first phase of the war (1754-1758), things were still the same for all of the parties involved. The Native Americans fought side by side with France against Britain. Which made them the stronger militia and helped them to enjoy a string of successes. At the end of the first phase, French had moved toward a more European style warfare. They disliked the Indians behavior of killing war prisoners and collecting scalps as trophies, which ultimately resulted in

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