French Colonial Empire

443 Words2 Pages
France, known for their revolutions, debt, conflicts, and wars, have colonized many countries before and after their conflicts with Britain. This then was the catalyst that made them so special, unique and enormously powerful. Unlike other countries France has been piled by many problems and conflicts during their age of colonialism yet managed to thrive and have a big impact on the countries they colonized. Nowadays you see that many countries have one of their main languages as French, and you can’t say that is not a huge affect. Here we will explore the areas they colonized and find out when they did it, how they did it, and most importantly why they did it. Their first attempt into colonization was in Brazil and Florida, but both were unsuccessful. France’s true first colony was in Nova Scotia, Canada in 1605 and then in Quebec, Canada in 1608 but at that time it was known as New France. Starting with a small population with no significance, they began to grow through out North America approaching small conflicts with the natives. Then, they had some small colonies in The West Indies and in today’s Haiti. In the middle of the 18th century, a series of colonial conflicts began between France and Britain, which ultimately resulted in the destruction of most of the first French colonial empire. These wars were the War of the Austrian Succession (1744–1748), the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), the War of the American Revolution (1778–1783), the French Revolution (1793–1802) and the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815). This cyclic conflict is known as the Second Hundred Years' War. During these wars France had lost many colonies and recovered some. The true beginnings of the second French colonial empire, however, were laid in 1830 with the French invasion of Algeria, which was conquered over the next 17 years. During the Second Empire, headed by Napoleon III, an
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