Freedom From The British Essay

966 WordsSep 27, 20094 Pages
Freedom from the British Indian nationalists used political, economic, and social tactics to help India gain its independence. Beginning in the 16th century India was ruled by the Mughal Empire, but was soon taken over by the British in the 19th century. In the late 19th century the Indian National Congress was founded and later the Muslim League joined to become the leader of the Indian National Movement to fight against the British. In 1857, the rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India was the beginning of Sepoy Mutiny. The Sepoy Mutiny was India’s first war of independence. In 1917, the British General told the sepoys to fire at a large crowd of protesting Indians. By killing many innocent people, India was furious. Everyday innocent Indians were abused by the British. Years later, Mohandas Gandhi and the Indian National Congress helped India gain independence from the British. Guided by his principals, Gandhi used tactics including the Salt March and boycotts to achieve independence from the British. Gandhi used many political tactics to gain independence from the British. The Salt March was a non violent protest against the British (dadalos.org). The Indians were upset that the British were taxing them for salt. Gandhi went on a symbolic 248 mile journey to the Indian Ocean. He planned to collect salt from the ocean, which was illegal. Gandhi’s acts inspired many people to protest against the salt taxes. When he arrived, over 60,000 people, including Gandhi were arrested. This began a campaign of civil disobedience. Because of these political actions, the British decided to have a talk with Gandhi. The British Government, represented by Edward Irwin, negotiated the Irwin- Gandhi Pact. The pact stated that if the Indians quit being disobedient, political prisoners will be freed (Chadha, pg 230-232). As a result, Gandhi

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