Freedom Essay

718 WordsOct 1, 20123 Pages
PROGRESSION OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN IN U.S. HISTORY: FREEDOM “In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free-honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve. We shall nobly save, or meanly lose, the last best, hope of earth (Lincoln, Abraham).” The Civil War was revolutionary in many ways. It was the start of what I believe to be the beginning of freedom for African-Americans. President Abraham Lincoln wrote and issued the Emancipation Proclamation which did not end slavery but led to the passing of the Thirteenth Amendment. The Thirteenth Amendment did end slavery by legally abolishing it although, African-Americans were considered free they still did not have all the same equal rights and privileges that whites had. After the passing of the thirteenth Amendment many things were changed throughout the South for African-Americans. The former slaves did not have the same rights and privileges as their white counterparts. The freed slaves were supposed to be able to live an equal life and enjoy the same privileges the whites did. The thirteenth Amendment started a new era of change and it was called the Reconstruction Era. The Reconstruction era was: Period in U.S. history during and after the American Civil War in which attempts were made to solve the political, social, and economic prob- lems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 Confederate states that had seceded at or before the outbreak of war (R. A. Guisepi). In the Reconstruction Era the Bureau of Refugees, also referred to as the Freedmen’s Bureau, was a U.S. Government Agency that aided distressed former slaves. The Bureau was operational from 1865 to 1871 and headed by Union Army General Oliver O. Howard. The Bureau’s main role was providing emergency food, housing, and medical aid to refugees, though it also helped reunite

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