This makes Brazil’s goods more competitive, leading to stronger exports in the long term, which could improve the current account. However, one effect is that the individuals with the highest GDP increase their FDI. This leads to an increase in net income for Brazil, through dividends and interest. This means that incomes of influential individuals are not being spent into the Brazilian economy, instead strengthening the currency of another currency. This could then lead to increased competitiveness between Brazil and other countries, as they begin to export products that could be cheaper or perhaps better quality.
If exports were to increase this would result in an increase in AD, as the balance of payment is a factor. The subsequent result of this increase in AD would mean an increase in supply, leading to an increase in the rate of employment, as firms are forced to take on more workers in order to fulfil demand. This means that the increase in exports would reduce specifically cyclical unemployment ( demand deficient unemployment). This is because the increase in exports would result in a increase in AD, hence curing the deficient demand. Furthermore, the cost of the formerly unemployed, i.e.
Monetary policies influence and are influenced by international developments, including exchange rates, and based on these market conditions the U.S. government can make strategic changes to these policies to maintain the country’s economic stability (full employment, stable growth and price stability). For example if Federal Reserve actions raised U.S. interest rates, the foreign exchange value of the dollar generally would rise. An increase in the foreign exchange value of the dollar, in turn, would raise the price in foreign currency of U.S. goods traded on world markets and lower the dollar price of goods imported into the United States (Federal Reserve, 2005). By restraining exports and boosting imports, these developments could lower output and price levels in the U.S. economy and control or lower
Monetary policy is the use of interest rates to manipulate the level of aggregate demand in the economy and loose (expansionary) monetary policy is a reduction in the interest rates. This will result in an injection of extra consumption because it is cheaper to borrow money on credit cards and therefore allowing consumers to spend more which will cause an increase in aggregate demand (AD). Additionally, extra consumption will allow shops to gain more profit preventing “business failures.” Furthermore, mortgages will be cheaper and therefore consumers feel richer and there will an extra injection of consumption. AD will also increase due to an increase in investment, causing an increase in aggregate demand from AD1 to AD2 as shown below. However,
If we do not buy imported goods then they will not buy ours and without export revenue and foreign investments we would not be able to function financially. When exports increase so does the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). GDP is the dollar amount of all goods and services produced within the United States. When the GDP is high it signifies that our economy is healthy and stable. When companies can produce more due to demand they are able to hire more workers, which can lower the unemployment rate.
International Trade Simulation Darlene Traci Kepner XECO/212 June 17, 2012 Jim Vernon International Trade Simulation I am advising International trade recommendations for the President of Rodamia. The advantages of international trade and investments imports will create a wider variety of products which will give them a choice in price and quality. Domestic producers can expand and sell their products to other countries creating jobs, capital, and new investments, increasing the economy. When trading you have to look at the opportunity of cost production this is what defines the comparative advantage in which a country can produce a particular good or service at a lower marginal price, compared to another country; basically a choice
However, there are advantages and disadvantages of international trade in the simulation that cause the world’s economy to fluctuate and leave certain countries astray. One of the advantages to international trade that I found for countries was the monetary gains and having the ability to keep their own markets honest causing the local producers to improve its goods for the reason citizens have more choices available to them. The disadvantages of international trade have to deal with countries of higher power that try to take advantage of smaller countries by swindling their government into unorthodox trading during a crisis within those countries. Another disadvantage is the possibility of local producers becoming weak, causing the unemployment rate to rise because local producers are unable to compete with international
Innovation impacts the cost of production as well. Even the innovation helps in lowering the cost of production and making economies more efficient – producing more outputs with the same number of inputs. Technology affects market structure. In today’s market world, technology advances more rapidly because individuals gain incentives, in the form of profits, to discover new and cheaper ways of doing things. Even the dynamic efficiency refers to a market’s ability to promote cost-reducing or product-enhancing technological change.