In light of the fact that both Picasso and Eliot’s pieces have this element of trauma it is a different trauma, the trauma in Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon I found to more of a sexual even an untamed sort of theme. The fractured shapes and distorted images in the painting are in a sense primitive in an artistic way. The expressions on the faces and the shapes of the bodies demonstrate in great detail the use of fractured shapes and distortion which is what led me to focus on the themes behind this fracture and distortion. My
Whereas, in Cat on Hot Tin Roof mental illness is present in the form of alcoholism and depression. Similar to Williams’ other plays, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof deals with emotional and powerful characters in an intimate and claustrophobic setting. Bricks mental illness of depression is caused by his tortured and conflicted feelings of accepting his sexuality. Tennessee Williams was brought up in a racist and homophobic society, and struggled to live freely with his homosexuality, this is very much portrayed through Bricks character. Insanity in King Lear is most evident in the portrayal of Lear himself, his mind is haunted and unsettled by the cruel treatment he receives at the hands of his daughters.
At the end of WW2, both Huxley and Orwell, disillusioned and alarmed by what they saw within their own society, produced dark satires describing a dystopian vision of future possibilities. Although the two books are very different, they address many of the same issues in their contrasting ways: in particular, the suppression of the freedom of society in order to establish and maintain a totalitarian approach. This is achieved through manipulation of all external elements; propaganda and technology Furthermore, the manipulation of elements within each individual, sexually, physically and mentally. It is this manipulation that ultimately emphasizes the dystopian nature of both novels setting them at the forefront of modern literature. Set in a World where totalitarian rule is all encompassing, the significant difference between the two novels is the manner in which the dystopian quality of each corresponding world manifests: in Brave New World society is created and conditioned to be unquestioningly happy despite their lack of freedom, whereas in 1984 fear and censorship ensures voicing- even thinking- any discontent is impossible.
Darkly Dreaming Dexter by Jeff Lindsay and Lord of the Flies by William Golding have much to say about a man's sinful nature. Both of these novels contain scenes in which the main character(s) goes savage; their savagery comes about because of their sinful nature or the sinful nature of others around them. Man's sinful nature is revealed through the thoughts and actions of the characters in both novels. The authors show through their works their belief that if everyone revealed their true natures, the world would tear itself apart. In both novels, evil is revealed by the telling actions of the characters.
Victor waves his fist around and threatens to attack the monster, but is able to avoid Victor with his speed. The monster claimed to be a virtuous creature, until the actions of humans made him miserable. “All men hate the wretched; how then, must I be hated, who am miserable beyond all living things! Yet you, my creator, detest and spurn me, thy creature, to whom thou art bound by ties only dissoluble by the annihilation of one of us.” (Vol. II Chapter II, Page 117).
Thus each of the human societies shuns and despises these creatures for what they are. The significance of the alignment of the monsters with ourselves is how the monsters are the personification of our ontology. The unconscious human mind is the content of what these works attempt to personify in the monster. As Donna Haraway said in her "Cyborg Manifesto," "we are all chimeras." The curious thing is that the protagonists in some of the works actually portray monster-like characteristics--a role reversal between the monster and the hero of the work: "We have found the enemy and he is us."
Surrealism is an art form that started in Europe in the 1920s. It was actually in response to the Dada movement, a movement founded on the general disdain for war and living conditions. Surrealism was also a protest to the current lack social and moral values, but instead of the absurd, “anti-art” works seen in Dadaism, artists were to look into their dreams and subconscious for inspiration for their work. Surrealism was initially found in poetry and writings, but soon became part of the art world as well. Many Surrealists were inspired by Sigmund Freud and his work with the subconscious mind (www.moma.org).
Vanity is also displayed by Sophocles through Oedipus. ‘Taunt me for the gift of my brilliant mind. That gift is what makes me great.’ This is extremely ironic as we suspect that Oedipus’ mind is not great at all as he fails to resolve the riddle set for him which leads to obsession and ultimately insanity as he discovers the truth and physically punishes himself. The love test also reveals selfish side as he decides to divide his kingdom and thus rid himself of all responsibility and forcing it upon his daughters as he wishes to ‘crawl
His choices of characters were specific so that their behaviors and relationships easily exemplify his perceptions of human beings. During the time of the war with Hitler and his followers in Nazi Germany, Golding concluded, “man produces evil as a bee produces honey”. The reflections he made in the late 50’s provoked Golding’s critical portrayal of the “end of innocence” which is shown through the primitive and violate actions of his characters. Golding has effectively scrutinized and encouraged further thinking of the darkness in man’s heart in his enthralling novel, “Lord of the Flies.” Golding symbolizes his premise of the underlying darkness within mankind through his image of the beast. For the entirety of the book, the tribe fears the beast, as they believe it is “something that they can hunt and kill.” Ironically, it is while hunting the beast, their supposed threat, that the boys become obsessed with a blood-lust manner.
Picasso also chose to paint in black and white, depicting the bleak and dismal nature of a country during wartime. The painting is an immense display of protest with its main theme as death. What is particularly interesting about Guernica is that the images run one into the other. This jumbling was probably done on purpose, so as not to distinguish one element clearly from the other. This would hence create a greater sense of chaos and disarray, showing the pandemonium of war.